Feagin, Susan. Danto, Arthur. Some of the thorniest issues in aesthetics relate directly to problems in general philosophy: What is aesthetic value? The Platonic notion of the craftsman who knew how to craft sculptures or poems and who was creative only insofar as he was inspired by the gods, gave way to the idea of the artist who used his creative imagination to come up with novel expressions of novel ideas and emotions. University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1999. In your theory, are you looking for explanations that take things back to biology? For example, some have argued that an important component of the aesthetic experience is the desire for political action — thus, "good" art is that which gets us to try and improve society. 10 examples: Is it simply an aesthetic choice? Journal of the History of Ideas 12 (1951–1952): 496–527; Journal of the History of Ideas 13 (1951–1952): 17–46. "The Ethical Criticism of Art." This idea no doubt ultimately derives from the classical notion that measure and symmetry are important or even definitive of beauty. Shares Whether it's a mobile phone, a vacuum cleaner or a chair, the very best examples of industrial design seamlessly blend form and function to make products truly desirable. Kivy, Peter. Many works of art, such as representational paintings, photographs, films, and sculptures represent the world, but it does not seem right to say that they imitate it. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1990. But not all aesthetic objects are artworks — for example, sunsets or mountain vistas. Davies, Stephen. Frank Sibley, who initiated the modern discussion of aesthetic qualities, includes on his list of examples not only clear-cut examples of formal qualities, such as "graceful" and "garish," but also qualities such as "melancholy," which are usually thought of as expressive properties, a special subset of aesthetic qualities (Sibley 1959). Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press, 1980. In the Renaissance and the Enlightenment under the influence of Aristotle and his descendants in the classical period, it became a commonplace that poems and paintings imitated or represented the world. intrinsically wrong. For our present purposes, we can leave the issues concerning aesthetic function open. "Aesthetics, Problems of It ends with some general remarks about how aesthetics connects to more general questions about knowledge, emotion, and value. Just as the theory of art as imitation had its origins in the classical world and the theory of art as expression in the Romantic period, so Danto's theory is a response to the conceptual art of the late twentieth century, art that does not necessarily embody or exemplify its meaning but which needs to be decoded by those who have an understanding of "the artworld"—an "atmosphere of artistic theory, a knowledge of the history of art"—in virtue of which the work counts as art (Danto 1964, p. 580). All these options have been pursued. The Expression Theory insists that art works do not merely arouse emotions in audiences but also express emotions themselves. This is a master list of named aesthetics, sorted from A - Z. From this point of view, interpretation is necessarily bound up with ontology. The point is not to get rid of assumptions; it is not actually possible to think without making some assumptions. Encyclopedia of Philosophy. –––, 2007, “Aesthetic Regard for Nature in Environmental and Land Art,” Ethics, Place and Environment, 10: 287–300. Aesthetics and the Philosophy of Criticism. I believe it is very important to incorporate all areas of fine arts in the classroom, such as, theatre, visual, dance and music. Wollheim, Richard. Just as the definition of art as the imitation of reality fits well with eighteenth-century poems and paintings, so the theory of art as expression fits best with Romantic and Expressionist poetry, music, sculpture and painting. After Hume, Kant (2000) gave an equally famous a priori argument that judgments of taste, though based on subjective feelings of pleasure, lay claim to universality because the pleasure in question is neither pleasure in the sensuously pleasing nor pleasure in the useful, but a disinterested pleasure that arises from the harmonious free play of imagination and understanding, which are cognitive faculties common to all rational human beings. Aesthetics, Philosophy, Politics, and Atheism: Aesthetics leads us to a variety of issues involving politics, morality, and more. These recommendations make research on land use and aesthetic issues more important as more communities embrace the positive environmental effects of wind energy. Why think about art? By an "aesthetic issue" I mean an issue in the philosophy of the arts. Hutcheson thought that the classical idea of "unity in variety" is the one property that reliably evokes aesthetic pleasure (Hutcheson 1973), but whether something has the right degree of unity or variety is itself problematic. There are many more that could go on the list. Social issues may emerge in the workplace of a client’s/investee’s operations and may also impact surrounding communities. Aristotle is replying to Plato's denunciation of the art of tragedy as evoking emotions that weaken the moral fiber. Taking the recent controversy regarding the proposal of a wind farm off the coast of Cape Cod as an example, I analyze the opponents' claim that such a construction "ruins" or "spoils" the otherwise pristine landscape. Walton, Kendall. These ingenious examples of industrial design all combine aesthetic appeal with creative problem-solving. Of Grammatology. Values of Art: Painting, Poetry, and Music. who makes up his own rules rather than obeys conventional canons. Christianity echoed this idea in the doctrine that beauty is one of God's perfections. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1975. In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Janko, R. Aristotle: Poetics Indianapolis, IN: Hackett, 1987. It turns out that the aesthetic attitude has many of the features of an aesthetic judgment: It is a special kind of disinterested contemplation, often taking the form of an object or art work as the focus of attention. Aesthetician Resume Examples. Deeper than Reason: Emotion and its Role in Literature, Music, and Art. "Transparent Pictures: On the Nature of Photographic Realism." The philosophical discipline of aesthetics deals with conceptual problems arising out of the critical examination of art and the aesthetic. In the Romantic period, artists and writers began to describe themselves not as merely imitating an inert reality but as expressing their own emotional perspectives on the world. To twentieth-century critics of painting such as Clive Bell and Clement Greenberg, this means that only color, line, and shape, and their inter-relations are of aesthetic importance and that content is aesthetically irrelevant. The word "art" derives from the Latinized form of the Greek technē, meaning a "corpus of knowledge and skills organized for the production of changes of a specific kind in matter of a specific kind," like the arts of cobbling or leatherwork (Sparshott 1982, p. 26). Hume famously solved the dilemma by arguing that we are all so constituted as to be pleased by the same sorts of objects in nature and works of art but that we do not all have the same background of experience, delicacy of taste, good sense, ability to make comparisons and lack of prejudice that we ideally could and should have (Hume 1985). The aesthetic movement stood in stark and sometimes shocking contrast to the crass materialism of Britain in the 19th century. Those who think that art works are primarily designed to provide aesthetic experiences (Beardsley 1958, Iseminger 2004), are more likely to think that moral value is irrelevant to aesthetic value. How is the art interpreted by participants in debate about it? In Goodman's Languages of Art, art works are conceived of, by analogy with language, as symbols in different kinds of symbol system. The Pleasures of Aesthetics. BORN: 1811, Tarbes, France NATIONALITY: French Aesthetic criticism. The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, 1973. But what puts something on the list, or keeps it off? Aesthetic Issues ; Fouettes - Discussion, Examples Sign in to follow this . GENRE: Fiction, poetry, drama So, for example, a philosopher of art might ask what makes something delicate, or powerful, or sad, or boring, or scattered, or unified, or exciting, or harmonious, or even beautiful (this last concept may really be too big for helpful analysis, but lots of philosophers have tried all the same). Fictional Points of View. Lamarque, Peter, and Stein Haugom Olsen. Truth, Fiction, and Literature.
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