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Dec 082020
 

The 538 members of the Electoral College cast their votes for President and Vice President in meetings held in the 50 state capitals and the District of Columbia in mid-December of presidential election years. That also comes to 269 electoral votes - and a tied election. The manner of choos… The candidate who won the majority of Electoral College votes was the president and the second-place finisher was the vice president. The candidate who gets 51 votes (majority) will be the Vice-President on January 20th. When the Electoral votes were tallied in the 1800 U.S. presidential election—only the fourth election in the young nation’s history—there was a problem. In the end, there are 538 electoral votes spread across the country. Map illustrates votes by state, in the U.S. presidential election of 1800, broken down as votes for Aaron Burr, Thomas Jefferson, or 'Blank Ballot. Participating states will award all their electoral votes as a block to the winner of the national popular vote once the law is passed in states holding a majority of the nation's electoral votes. So Adams was out of the running and Burr, Jefferson’s running mate, could have stepped aside, but didn’t. The Federalists, who still held a majority in the lame duck Congress, were now in the awkward position of picking a president from two enemy candidates. It's rare. After state election officials certify the popular vote of each state, the winning slate of electors meet in the state capital and cast two ballots—one for Vice President and one for President. The constitution provides that each state gets a number of members in the electoral college equal to the number of its representatives plus the number of … Thankfully, the Constitution has a contingency plan for tie elections laid out in Article II, Section 1: “[I]f there be more than one who have such Majority, and have an equal Number of Votes, then the House of Representatives shall immediately chuse by Ballot one of them for President.”. While Members of Congress are expressly forbidden from being electors, the Constitution requires the House and Senate to count the Electoral College’s ballots, and in the event of a tie, to select the President and Vice President, respectively. A 269-269 tie could legitimately happen if Trump and Biden split Wisconsin and Minnesota. Meanwhile, the Federalist candidate, incumbent John Adams, only received 65 votes. In 1800, Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr received the same number of electoral votes. Has a tie ever occurred in the electoral college? Why did the Founding Fathers create electors? 2. HISTORY reviews and updates its content regularly to ensure it is complete and accurate. If neither presidential candidate gets 270 Electoral College votes, the Constitution requires the House of Representatives to pick the President. Each State was allocated a number of Electors equal to the number of its U.S. It took 36 consecutive tie votes in the House before Jefferson was picked as the president and catastrophe was narrowly averted. Under the 12th Amendment to the Constitution, in the case of an Electoral College tie for the vice-presidency, the Senate chooses the vice president. M.Ed., Curriculum and Instruction, University of Florida. Most states require that all electoral votes go to the candidate who receives the plurality in that state. ", What Happens If the Presidential Election Is a Tie, How the US Electoral College System Works. However, the 12th amendment to the US Constitution addresses what happens if there is a tie in electoral votes. The 1800 election ended in an Electoral College tie, ... allowing John Quincy Adams to become president even though he won neither the popular vote nor the electoral vote. However, much of the same would come into play if a third party or independent candidate wins enough electoral votes to prevent any candidate in the race from reaching 270. Since there are 538 electoral votes, it is feasibly possible for the presidential electoral vote to end in a 269-269 tie. In order to win the presidency, one must receive a … Just in time for the 1804 presidential election, Congress passed and the states ratified the 12th Amendment, which now instructed Electors to cast one ballot for president and a second for vice president. But a presidential election could end up in an Electoral College tie, 269 to 269. Constitutional Status of Electors Dealing with the question of the constitutional status of the electors, the Court said in 1890: “The sole function of the presidential electors is to cast, certify and transmit the vote of the State for President and Vice President of the nation. In this plan, Congress plays a formal role in the election of the President and Vice President. In the first design of the Electoral College (described in Article II, Section 1 of the Constitution): 1. It has also happened before. This is how it works. And under the 12 th Amendment, a tie election (or one without a candidate with a majority of Electoral votes) sends the presidential election to Congress to decide in a contingent election. What procedure is followed for the electors to vote? The framers of the Constitution had not anticipated such a tie nor had they considered the possibility of the election of a President or Vice President from opposing factions - which had been the case in the 1796 election. ', “[Candidates for president] ran as a ticket,” says Alexander. Check out the map below created on RealClearPolitics.com , a great website for tracking Presidential and Congressional elections: Democratic-Republicans failed to execute the plan, however, resulting in a tie between Jefferson and Burr with 73 electoral votes each, and a third place finish for Adams with 65 votes. Suggestions have included an amendment with three provisions: requiring every state to award electoral votes based on a popular vote in that state or the nation as a whole; replacing human electors with votes to be cast automatically according to the state's rules; and awarding the presidency to the national popular vote winner if no candidate wins an Electoral College majority.According to the ROPER POLL website. However a 269-269 tie is unlikely.. And it was the second time since 2000 – when Al Gore won the popular vote but George W. Bush won the Electoral College – that a candidate lost the popular vote but won the Electoral College. The Twelfth Amendment (Amendment XII) to the United States Constitution provides the procedure for electing the president and vice president.It replaced the procedure provided in Article II, Section 1, Clause 3, by which the Electoral College originally functioned. Twice a week we compile our most fascinating features and deliver them straight to you. Each Senator would get one vote, and the winner would be the one who received 51 votes. READ MORE: What Is the Electoral College and Why Was It Created? It took the House seven days … (Probably Pence if Republicans control Senate.) Note that the discussion on this page is mostly written around a 269-269 tie between two candidates. Why don't the candidates get a proportion of the electoral vote? So … The tie-breaking vote made Jefferson president, with Burr declared vice president, as the Constitution required at the time. © 2020 A&E Television Networks, LLC. Pennsylvania and Virginia began to mobilize their militias, wondering if the stalemate would spark a civil war. Adoption of the National Popular Vote plan: Advocates of a national popular vote for president are focusing their reform efforts on a  proposal that has been steadily advancing in state legislatures: the National Popular Vote plan for president.The National Popular Vote plan is an interstate agreement that relies on states' constitutional powers to allocate electoral votes and to enter into binding interstate compacts. The compact would become effective once states comprising an Electoral College majority—that is, 270 or more Electoral College votes—sign … Here’s what would happen. Maine and Nebras… In the controversial 1800 presidential election, an Electoral College tie vote occurred between Thomas Jefferson and his running mate, Aaron Burr. But when it does, the 12th Amendment of the U.S. Constitution serves as an election tie-breaking provision. On the other hand, the Senate would decide on the new Vice President. Presidents Elected Without Winning the Popular Vote, Landslide Victory: Definition in Elections, Vice President of the United States: Duties and Details, Learn How Many Total Electoral Votes There Are, 12th Amendment: Fixing the Electoral College, Why Puerto Rico Matters in the US Presidential Election. According to the Constitution, an electoral tie goes to the House of Representatives, where each state casts one ballot to pick a winner from among the two tied candidates. How many total electoral votes are there? The total number of electoral college votes is 538, which means each candidate could hypothetically receive 269 votes. 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