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Oct 07. Christ was the great messenger of the covenant, the messenger of mercy; and the Lord’s own people, even in that ancient time, delighted in anticipating the coming of the Christ of God, the anointed and appointed messenger of the Lord of hosts. Malachi 3:6-12 New International Version (NIV) Breaking Covenant by Withholding Tithes. what accusation do they bring against us to thee? or "what have we spoken against thee?" Here begins an enumeration of the sins of the Jews, which were the cause of their ruin; and here is first a general charge of apostasy from the statutes and ordinances of the law, which they made void by the traditions of the fathers; and therefore this word is used as referring to this evil, as well as to express their early, long, and continued departure from the ways of God; which as it was an aggravation of their sin, that they should have so long ago forsook the ordinances of God. that do not do him justice in civil things; yea, persecuted those that became proselytes to the Christian religion: and fear not me, saith the Lord of hosts; which was the root and cause of all their sins; irreverence of Christ, disbelief of him, and contempt of his Gospel. And now we call the proud happy,.... Or "therefore now"F17ועתה "ergo nunc", V. L.; "igitur", Cocceius; "adeoque", Burkius. Interactive Bible study with John Piper. Those were indeed bad old times when the mass of the people looked only to their own temporal comfort, when they saw the wicked become rich, they wished that they were wicked too, in order that they might be rich. The Bible does not think it worth while to proclaim the Name of God without building on the proclamation promises or commandments. Used by Permission. When he should be manifest in Israel, and come preaching the Gospel of the kingdom; who could bear the doctrines delivered by him, concerning his deity and equality with God the Father; concerning his character and mission as the Messiah, and his kingdom not being a temporal, but a spiritual one; concerning his giving his flesh for the life of the world, and eating that by faith; concerning distinguishing and efficacious grace; and all such that so severely struck at the wickedness of the Scribes and Pharisees, and their self-righteous principles; and especially since for judgment he came, that they might not see? what calumny is this? 2. . Log In/Sign Up . 16. fol. (Words in red = Jehovah speaking) Malachi 3:7. “But you ask, ‘How are we to return?’ Ye have said, It is vain to serve God: and what profit is it that we have kept his ordinance, and that we have walked mournfully before the LORD of hosts? Malachi 3:3. 1. Bring ye all the tithes into the storehouse,.... Or "treasury"F5אל בית האוצר "thesaurum", Junius & Tremellius, Piscator; "vel in domum thesauri", Pagninus, Montanus, Cocceius, Burkius. Scripture Malachi 3 Sort Bible Verse. l. 35. c. 15. speaks of a kind of sulphur which fullers make use of. Go to, To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient, That they may offer unto the Lord an offering in righteousness, Then shall the offering of Judah and Jerusalem be pleasant unto the Lord, as in the days of old, and as in former years, and I will be a swift witness against the sorcerers, and against those that oppress the hireling in, Therefore ye sons of Jacob are not consumed, Even from the days of your fathers ye are gone away from mine ordinances, Return unto me, and I will return unto you, saith the Lord of hosts, Bring ye all the tithes into the storehouse, and prove me now herewith, saith the Lord of hosts, if I will not open you the windows of heaven, And I will rebuke the devourer for your sakes, and he shall not destroy the fruits of your ground, neither shall your vine cast her fruit before the time in the field, for ye shall be a delightsome land, saith the Lord of hosts, Your words have been stout against me, saith the Lord, and that we have walked mournfully before the Lord of hosts, yea, they that work wickedness are set up, Then they that feared the Lord spake often one to another, and a book of remembrance was written before him, And they shall be mine, saith the Lord of hosts, And I will spare them, as a man spareth his own son that serveth him, and discern between the righteous and the wicked, between him that serveth God and him that serveth him not, John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, Commentary Critical and Explanatory - Unabridged, Kretzmann's Popular Commentary of the Bible. , as the Targum; civil magistrates; will any dare to defraud them of their due? one; not only pleasant to themselves, being fruitful, but wished for by others, by their neighbouring nations, who, seeing their prosperity, could not but desire to dwell with them; or delightsome to the Lord of hosts: thus Jarchi interprets it, the land that I delight in; and so Aben Ezra; to which agrees the Targum, "and all nations shall praise you, because you dwell in the land of the house of my Shechinah or majesty, and do my will in it;'. Malachi … ; the locust or caterpillar, or any such devouring creature, that eats up the herbage, corn, and fruits of trees; every such creature is under the restraint of Providence; and by a nod, a rebuke, they are easily prevented doing the mischief they otherwise would; these are the Lord's great army, which he can send and call off as he pleases, Joel 1:4. and he shall not destroy the fruits of your ground; as he has done, by eating all green things, as the locust, caterpillar, and canker worm do, grass, corn, and trees: neither shall your vine cast her fruit before the time in the field; which some understand of the devourer or locust, that that should not cause the vine to be abortive, or cast its fruit before its time, or bereave it of it; but it seems best to interpret it of the vine itself not casting its fruit, as an untimely birth, by blighting and blasting winds: saith the Lord of hosts; who holds the winds in his fists, and will not suffer them when he pleases, any more than the locusts, to hurt the trees of the earth, Revelation 7:1. in his kingdom and glory, to take vengeance on the Jews for their rejection of him and his Gospel; for this coming and appearance of his include all the time between his manifestation in the flesh and the destruction of Jerusalem; and so all those sorrows and distresses which went before it, or attended it, and were such as had never been from the creation of the world; and unless those times had been shortened, no flesh could have been saved; see Matthew 24:3. for he is like a refiner's fire; partly by the ministry of the word, compared to fire, Jeremiah 23:29 separating pure doctrines from ones of dross; and partly by his fiery dispensations and judgments on the wicked Jews, when he distinguished and saved his own people from that untoward generation, and destroyed them: and like fuller's soap; or "fuller's herb", as the Septuagint and Vulgate Latin versions render it, and Jarchi interprets it: and so R. JonahF19Apud Kimchi in Sepher Shorash. RICHARD STOCK . ; notwithstanding they were thus chastised of the Lord, yet were not reformed, but went on in withholding from God and the priests, what belonged to them: even this whole nation; the sin was become general, and therefore a general judgment was inflicted on them: Grotius thinks, that the people seeing the priests withhold the tithes from the Levites, they refused to pay them to them, and so the sin became universal. ברר. , denotes great abundance and fulness of good things, so that there should be enough and to spare; and yet, as Gussetius observes, not enough to answer and express the abundance of mercy and goodness in the heart of God. 76. THE MESSENGER OF THE COVENANT “The messenger of the covenant, whom ye delight in.”— Malachi 3:1 THE Lord’s people delight in the covenant itself. Those men, called to holy service, shall offer unto the Lord offerings in righteousness after he has cleansed and purified them. In English translations of the Bible, which follow the Greek tradition, Malachi concludes the canon of the Old Testament. Malachi 1:8 Devotional Commentary; J R MILLER . Spurgeon's Verse Expositions; Expositor's Bible ; Pulpit Commentaries; Introduction. They had kept back from God’s service the money which was needful for the carrying on of the worship of his house. Judge of things as they will appear when the doom of these proud sinners comes to be executed. Return to me, and I will return to you,” says the Lord Almighty. Bab. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855. The coming that man must endure is the coming of the Messenger of the covenant, but it is His second coming. 22. relates that this herb grows in Palestine, in moist and green places, and has the same virtue as nitre to take away filth; agreeably to which some other versions render it "fuller's weed", or "soap weed"F25כברית מכבסים "ut lanaria fullonum", Drusius; "radicula, vel saponaria", Vatablus. Hist. There is, in the religion of Jesus Christ, a power that is a great purgative and a great refiner. Your words have been stout against me, saith the Lord,.... Hard and strong; they bore very hardly upon him, were exceeding impudent and insolent; murmuring at his providence; arraigning his justice and goodness; and despising his word, worship, and ordinances. 1. , "after they have separated the first tithe every year, they separate the second tithe, as it is said "thou shalt truly tithe all the increase of thy seed", &c. Deuteronomy 14:22 and in the third year, and in the sixth, they separate the poor's tithe, instead of the second tithe. says is a plant known by the name of "algasul" and "gazul" in the Arabic language: it signifies something by which filth is washed away; and so BartenoraF23In ib. Malachi 3:13-15. Malachi 3:1. Biblical Commentary Malachi 3:1-4 EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: The Hebrew word mal’ak means ” messenger”—similar to the Greek word angelos in the New Testament. ; it is interpreted "humbly" by R. Sol. for ye have robbed me; because of this their iniquity, in not bringing their offerings to the Lord, and the tithes to the priests and Levites, their land was stricken with barrenness, and God gave them cleanness of teeth, and want of bread in all places: or, "but ye have robbed me"F4ואתי א־תאם קבעים "et tamen diripitis me", De Dieu. But ye say, Wherein have we robbed thee? Ye are cursed with a curse: for ye have robbed me, even this whole nation. Yet ye say, what have we spoken so much against thee? Malachi 4:3-6. This exposition consisted of readings from Malachi 3:4. (17) A new section of the prophecy begins with this verse. Malachi 3:1. So Burkius. Between him that serveth God and him that serveth him not. Robinson pointed out that most of these two chapters (Malachi 3-4) regards the Messiah, "The apocalyptic character of Malachi 3:13-4:2 is fine." Study Malachi using Charles H. Spurgeon’s Treasury of David to better understand Scripture with full outline and verse meaning. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/malachi-3.html. Mention is made of "sorcerers", because there were many that used the magic art, enchantments, and sorceries, in the age of Christ and his apostles, and before the destruction of Jerusalem, even many of their doctors and members of the sanhedrim; See Gill on Isaiah 8:19. and against the adulterers; with whom that age also abounded; hence our Lord calls it an adulterous generation, Matthew 12:39. and against false swearers; who were guilty of perjury, and of vain oaths; who swore by the creatures, and not by the Lord, and to things not true; see Matthew 5:33. and against those that oppress the hireling in his wages, the widow, and the fatherless; defrauding of servants of their wages, devouring widows' houses, and distressing the fatherless, were sins the Jews were addicted to in those times, as appears from James 1:27 who wrote to the twelve tribes; and from what our Lord charges them with, Matthew 23:14. and that turn aside the stranger from his right; and so Kimchi supplies it, "that turn aside the judgment of the stranger;'. 1 It is simply incredible to us that he failed to include all of Malachi 3 in such an analysis, for the first verse ( Malachi 3:1 ) of this chapter is one of the most brilliant and revealing prophecies of Jesus Christ in the whole Bible. God is able, simply with a turn of his hand, or a glance of his eye, to enrich or to impoverish. The locust and the caterpillar came up and ate their harvests, all because God was angry with them; and he alone could change their miserable circumstances. The Septuagint and Arabic versions render it, "and that reverence his name"; and the Syriac version, "that praise his name"; and the Targum is, that think of the glory of his name. And they shall be mine, saith the Lord of hosts,.... That is, such as fear the Lord, and think of him, hereby they are known to be his; and hereafter, in the time referred to, it will be manifest that they are his: they are Christ's already by his Father's gift of them to him; by his own purchase; by the conquests of his grace; and by the voluntary surrender of themselves: but, in the last day, they will be claimed and owned by Christ before his Father and his holy angels; and they will be known to be his, by themselves and others; and there will be no doubt about it, or questioning of it: in that day when I make up my jewels; Christ has some, who are his jewels, or peculiar treasure, as the wordF24סגלה "peculium", Munster, Pagninus, Vatablus, Tigurine version, Calvin, Drusius, Junius & Tremellius. Arise, and return unto your Father; for when you are yet a great way off, he will see you, and will run to meet you, and have compassion upon you: “Return unto me, and I will return unto you, saith the Lord of hosts.”. what evils have we done, or can be charged on us? The sons of Levi were the first-fruits, and the whole people were in the name of that tribe consecrated to God. He was like a refiner’s fire, consuming the false pretensions of the Pharisees, and the vain boastings of the Scribes. and the Syriac version renders it, "the land of my delight": see Isaiah 62:4. God loves to listen to the thoughtful conversation of a loving people who stand true to him in the midst of an ungodly crowd, and he thinks very highly of them. "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". or "in black"F15קדרנית "atrate", Junius & Tremellius, Piscator; so Stockius, p. 926; "pullati", Tigurine version; "atrati", Cocceius. See how hard taskmasters are put, by divine inspiration, with sorcerers, and adulterers, and false swearers. He must have come there already, — so we know he did, — for there is not one stone of the temple left standing upon another: “The Lord, whom ye seek, shall suddenly come to his temple,” —. New International Version (NIV) Bible Book List. Update. The selfrighteous can always invent some excuse, or ask some question, as they did here: “Wherein shall we return?”. Ye wanderers from God, take this invitation home to your hearts, and act upon it. But who may abide the day of his coming? They had kept themselves poor by their own meanness. The scriptural revelations of the divine Name are always the basis of intensely practical admonition. Yet ye have robbed me. It appears from hence that the sin of the people was, that they did not bring in "all" their tithes; they kept back a part of them: wherefore they are called upon to bring in the whole, and which they did in Nehemiah's time; see Nehemiah 10:38 where mention is made of the treasuries for the tithe, which were certain chambers adjoining to the temple; and besides those that were built by Solomon, there were other chambers prepared by Hezekiah in his times, when the tithes were brought in, in such plenty, that there was not room enough for them, 2 Chronicles 31:11 and besides those in the second temple, that were in the court of the priests, there were others in the court of the people, as L'Empereur thinksF7Not. They that feared the LORD spake often one to another: They could not bear to hear their God thus spoken of, so they went to one another’s houses, they found one another out, and talked to one another. And purge them as gold and silver; are purged in the fire from their dross: this shows of what worth and value, and in what esteem the Lord's people are to him; he reckons of them as gold and silver, and as his peculiar treasure: and it suggests, that before conversion they are joined unto and mixed with wicked men, comparable to dross; and that they have in them the dross, corruption, and impurity of sin; which is original and natural to them, and inherent in them, and which can only be removed by the grace of God and blood of Christ. In tithes and offerings; that is, they robbed God in not giving the tithes, and not offering sacrifices, according as the law required: but it may be objected, that the Jews in Christ's time did pay tithes, even of all things; yea, of more than the law required, Matthew 23:23 to which it may be replied, that though they gave tithes, yet it was בעין רעה, "with an evil eye", as Aben Ezra says; grudgingly, and not cheerfully, and with an evil intention; not to show their gratitude to God, and their acknowledgment of him as their Lord, from whom they had their all, but in order to merit at his hands; besides, our Lord suggests that they did not give to God the things that were God's, Matthew 22:21 and the apostle charges them with being guilty of sacrilege, Romans 2:22 and, moreover, the priests might not give it to the Levites, as they ought; and which is what they are charged with in Nehemiah 13:10 and Grotius says that they were guilty of this before the destruction by Vespasian, as appears by Josephus. Yet ye have robbed me; keeping back from the priests and Levites, his ministers, what was due to them; and which, being no other than a spoiling or robbing of them, might be interpreted a robbing of God: But ye say, wherein have we robbed thee? in Jer. And I will rebuke the devourer for your sakes,.... Or "eater"F13באכל "comedentem", Drusius, Cocceius; "eum qui comedit", Burkius. Breithaupt. We read, in Nehemiah 13:10, that “the Levites and the singers, that did the work, were fled every one to his field,” for they could not live at Jerusalem, because “the portions of the Levites had not been given them,” — their supply of provisions having been stopped through the meanness of the people who had thus robbed the Lord “in tithes and offerings.”. We cannot know whether mal’ak in 1:1 is intended as a proper name, Malachi—or is simply means messenger. ; or "seeing, because", or "for they that work"F20גם "siquidem", V. L.; "nam", Piscator, Noldius. Scholars are divided on that matter. The Targum explains it of the ungodly, and as it is explained in the following clause: yea, they that work wickedness are set up: or "built up"F19נבנו "aedificati sunt", Pagninus, Montanus, Cocceius, Burkius; "aedificantur", Vatablus, Tigurine version, Calvin, Junius & Tremellius. And I will come near to you to judgment; and I will be a swift witness against the sorcerers, and against the adulterers, and against false swearers, and against those that oppress the hireling in his wages, the widow, and the fatherless, and that turn aside the stranger from his right, and fear not me, saith the Lord of hosts. It is an unfailing source of consolation to them so often as the Holy Spirit leads them to its green pastures, and makes them to lie down beside its still waters. This is their comfort; even the immutability of God is on the side of his people. THE ADVENT OF THE LORD FORETOLD (Malachi 2:17 to Malachi 3:18). Malachi 3 He preached in the same church as C. H. Spurgeon over one hundred years earlier. Malachi 3:9. About Donate. For I am the Lord,.... Or Jehovah; a name peculiar to the most High, and so a proof of the deity of Christ, who here speaks; and is expressive of his being; of his self-existence; of his purity and simplicity; of his immensity and infinity; and of his eternity and sovereignty: I change not; being the same today, yesterday, and forever; he changed not in his divine nature and personality by becoming man; he took that into union with him he had not before, but remained the same he ever was; nor did he change in his threatenings of destruction to the Jews, which came upon them according to his word; nor in his promises of his Spirit, and presence, and protection to his people; nor will he ever change in his love and affections to them; nor in the efficacy of his blood, sacrifice, and righteousness; wherefore, as this is introduced to assure the truth and certainty of what is said before, concerning his being a swift witness against the wicked, so also for the comfort of the saints, as follows. Your words have been stout against me, saith the LORD. thus wiping their mouths, as if they were innocent and harmless. see Malachi 1:8. And he shall purify the sons of Levi, and purge them as gold and silver, that they may offer unto the LORD an offering in righteousness. Bibliography InformationSpurgeon, Charle Haddon. “…the most excellent study for expanding the soul, is the science of Christ, and him crucified, and the knowledge of the Godhead in the glorious Trinity. The highest science, the loftiest speculation, the mightiest philosophy, which can ever engage the attention of a child of God, is the name, the nature, the person, the work, the doings, and the existence of the great God whom he calls his Father. The Targum is. For I am the LORD, I change not; therefore ye sons of Jacob are not consumed. 4. himself; the Messiah that had been so long spoken of and so much expected, and whom the Jews sought after, either in a scoffing manner, expressed in the above question, or rather seriously; some as a temporal deliverer, to free them from the Roman yoke, and bring them into a state of liberty, prosperity, and grandeur; and others as a spiritual Saviour, to deliver from sin, law, hell, and death, and save them with an everlasting salvation: shall suddenly come to his temple; meaning not his human nature, nor his church, sometimes so called; but the material temple at Jerusalem, the second temple, called "his", because devoted to his service and worship, which proves him to be God, and because of his frequency in it; here he was brought and presented by his parents at the proper time, for the purification of his mother; here he was at twelve years of age disputing with the doctors; and here Simeon, Anna, and others, were waiting for him, Luke 2:22 and we often read of his being here, and of his using his authority in it as the Lord and proprietor of it; and of the Hosannas given him here, Matthew 21:12 the manner in which he should come, "suddenly", may refer to the manifestation of it, quickly after John the Baptist had prepared his way by his doctrine and baptism: even the messenger of the covenant; not of the covenant of works with Adam, of which there was no mediator and messenger; nor of the covenant of circumcision, at which, according to the Jews, Elias presides; nor of the covenant at Sinai, of which Moses was the mediator; but of the covenant of grace, of which Christ is not only the Surety and Mediator; but, as here, "the Messenger"; because it is revealed, made known, and exhibited in a more glorious manner by him under the Gospel dispensation, through the ministration of the word and ordinances. Malachi 2:17 Great Difference; RAY STEDMAN . as not being conscious of any such evil; or, however, impudently standing in it, that they were not guilty: to which is returned the answer. Nothing will so enlarge the intellect, nothing so magnify the whole soul of man, as a devout, earnest, continued investigation of the great subject of the Deity.” Malachi 3:2. see Job 21:15. This they said in their hearts, if not with their lips, that it was a vain thing for a man to serve God; he got nothing by it; he had no reward for it; it fared no better with him than the wicked; nay, the wicked fared better than he; and therefore who would be a worshipper of God? Author and Time of Writing . Malachi 3:12. Go to, To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient, Spurgeon's Verse Expositions of the Bible, Commentary Critical and Explanatory - Unabridged, Kretzmann's Popular Commentary of the Bible. Malachi 3:18. It is always best to be right with God. as a refiner sits and observes his metal while it is melting, and waits the proper time to pour it out and separate the dross from it; so Christ is here represented as sitting, while his people are purifying and refining by the various ways and means he makes use of: it denotes the continued care of Christ over them; his eye is upon them, that nothing be lost but their dross and corruption; and his patience in waiting to be gracious to them, and do them good; and his diligent attention to the proper season of doing it; designing by all that he does, not their hurt and damage, but their real good, for he saves them, though it be by fire; and indeed every trial and affliction is for the purifying of their souls, and the brightening of their graces, and increasing their spiritual experience, light, and knowledge. 1. , which God has reserved for himself, and never puts into the hands of a minister: and pour you out a blessing: give abundance of rain to make the earth fruitful, and bring forth its increase in great plenty, which is a blessing; and not destroy the earth, and the fruits of it, as in the times of Noah, when the windows of heaven were opened, and a curse was poured out upon the earth: that there shall not be room enough to receive it; and so Kimchi says his father interpreted this clause, that there would not be a sufficiency of vesselsF11עד בלי די "adeo ut non sint vobis sufficientia vasa", Pagninus, Vatablus. and that thought upon his name; either the name of the Father; not any particular name of his, by which he is known, but him himself; for, as Kimchi observes, his name is himself, and he himself is his name; and especially as he is in Christ, and proclaimed in him; and this is expressive of faith in him, love to him, and reverence of him: or the name of Christ; and not any particular name of his, unless it be Jesus the Saviour: but rather his person as the Son of God; his office as Mediator; and his blood, righteousness, and sacrifice: and it is not a bare thinking of him that is here intended, but such a thought of him as is accompanied with esteem and value for him, because of the dignity of his person, and the riches of his grace. Even the messenger of the covenant, whom ye delight in: behold, he shall come, saith the LORD of hosts. Malachi 3:11. Commentary on Malachi 3:13-18 (Read Malachi 3:13-18) Among the Jews at this time, some plainly discovered themselves to be children of the wicked one. ; by their wicked words and actions, and try whether he will cause his judgments to fall upon them, which he has threatened to such sinners; see Isaiah 5:18. are even delivered; or, "and are delivered"F23וימלטו "et evaserunt", Pagninus, Montanus; "et effugerunt", Cocceius. Malachi 3:16 New International Version (NIV) The Faithful Remnant. signifies, that stretch out their hands against God, and strengthen themselves against the Almighty; these enjoy all worldly happiness, while they that serve the Lord are mourning in sackcloth, and are in the utmost distress. ii. Either the wicked, who will be "converted"F26ושב־תאם "et convertemini", Cocceius, Gussetius, so Pagninus, Montanus; "conversi", Drusius, Junius & Tremellius. c. 9. sect. Will a man rob God? So De Dieu. as if they were not guilty in any respect, and as if nothing could be proved against them; and as though the Lord did not know what they had said in their hearts, seeing they had not spoken it with their mouths: though the supplement of our translators, "so much", is confirmed by the Targum, which is, "and if ye say, how (or in what) have we multiplied speech before thee?'.

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