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Butcher’s broom scientifically known as Ruscus aculeatus, is a member of the lily family with stiff, pointed leaf-like twigs, greenish white flowers and shiny red berries. Extracts have been dosed at 16 mg daily for chronic phlebopathy, while a topical cream formulation was used to apply 64 to 96 mg of extract daily. Subscribe to Drugs.com newsletters for the latest medication news, new drug approvals, alerts and updates. Butcher's broom has been used in clinical trials for chronic venous insufficiency standardized to 7 to 11 mg of ruscogenin. Butcher’s broom is the common name for the root of the plant Ruscus aculeatus L. The HMPC conclusions only cover butcher’s broom preparations that are obtained by drying and powdering the roots and by putting the plant material in a solvent (such as ethanol) to … An increase in tone of veins can influence blood pressure allowing more blood to flow to the heart [301]. It is hardy to zone (UK) 7. This is such a distinctive plant that detailed description is hardly necessary for identification purposes; you will know it right away when you come across it (by sight, preferably, but if the woods are dark then maybe initially by feel!). Diseases, Insects, and Other Plant Problems: NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to Search: SPECIES: Ruscus aculeatus | Occurrence records | NBN Atlas; ... (scroll to see full list) Taxon. 1 It has rigid leaves that terminate in a single sharp spine. Habitats Ruscus aculeatus belongs to the Flowering Plants group Ruscus aculeatus - L. Common Name: Butcher's Broom - Knee Holly: Family: Ruscaceae: USDA hardiness: 6-9: Known Hazards: The berries are purgative[8]. This species is believed to have been used by butchers to clean their blocks, hence the common name. R. aculeatus was given its common name, butcher's broom, because its stiff twigs were bound together and used by butchers in Europe to keep their cutting boards clean. Most species of Ruscus are dioecious (that is, have separate male and female plants) except for this species which sometimes has self-fertile flowers. Other common names for Ruscus Aculeatus are: Butchers Broom, Knee Holly, Kneeholm, Sweet Broom and Jew's Myrtle. Scientific Name(s): Ruscus aculeatus Common Name(s): Box holly, Butcher's broom, Jew's myrtle, Knee holly, Kneeholm, Pettigree, Sweet broom. Latin names. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. The increasing popularity of natural and herbal remedies in Europe in the 1970s reaffirmed its position in modern medicine. Conservation ... Ruscus aculeatus. Ruscus ponticus ; International Common Names. Category : Shrubs. Clinical Overview Use Preferred Scientific Name. Scientific name. The 2 primary active saponin compounds are ruscogenin and neoruscogenin. Ruscus has separate male and female plants. Regardless of this trait, you should plant both sexes in a ratio of one male to six female if maximizing fruit production is desired. R. aculeatus was given its common name, butcher's broom, because its stiff twigs were bound together and used by butchers in Europe to keep their cutting boards clean. Scientific name Scientific name (unprocessed) Subspecies Species Genus Family Order Class Phylum Kingdom Identified to rank Name match metric Lifeform Common name … Actual leaves of this shrub are microscopic. RUCAC (Ruscus aculeatus) Ruscus aculeatus is a low evergreen Eurasian shrub, with flat shoots known as cladodes that give the appearance of stiff, spinetipped leaves. Early investigations during the 1950s indicated that extracts of butcher's broom could induce vasoconstriction and therefore might have use in the treatment of circulatory diseases. Coming from the daisy family, this flowering plant is known by several common names, including the shaggy soldier, Peruvian daisy and hairy galinsoga. Ruscus aculeatus The herbal nomenclature is complicated by the fact that many herbal plants are called by the common name of broom; this indefinite and very common name clutters the entire range of herbal nomenclature and makes it hard to name specific plants. Family. Common names: butcher’s broom, box holly, knee holly, kneeholy, kneeholm, Jew’s myrtle, sweet broom, pettigree, Maeusedornwurzelstock (German) General Description Ruscus aculeatus (butcher’s broom) is an evergreen shrub native to Mediterranean Europe and Africa. iNaturalist NZ View observations Donate Support NZPCN. Gray Ruscus dumosus E.D.Clarke Ruscus flexuosus Mill. The bush does display ovate, thick, spiny-tipped, glossy dark green, leaf-like structures (to 1 1/2 inches long) that are flattened leaf-like shoots (modified stems) called cladophylls on which the flowers and fruits are borne. Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances. The common name comes from the custom holly farmer to protect from mice with bunches of this plant, food items stored in the basement or in the pantry, but also from the agricultural practice of having crowns of dry branches of A. aculeatus, at the foot of … The plant is also commonly known as Knee Holly because, when mature, it reaches knee height. Contraindications have not yet been identified. Ruscus aculeatus, or Butcher's broom, is an evergreen shrub. Butcher's broom has tough, erect, striated stems with false thorny leaves. Publication Author Ceres. With three petals and three sepals, each of the greeny-white flowers is 3-5mm across, and when fully grown the fruit-bearing berries are about 1cm across. Ruscus aculeatus - known as butcher's-broom - is a low evergreen Eurasian shrub, with flat shoots known as cladodes that give the appearance of stiff, spine-tipped leaves. Contents 1 Uses Small booklet, nothing special. The easiest way to lookup drug information, identify pills, check interactions and set up your own personal medication records. Novel uses for this plant have included its use as an anti-inflammatory agent and to prevent atherosclerosis. and can be useful as a hedge. The German Commission E approves oral use for supportive therapy for discomforts of chronic venous insufficiency and complaints of hemorrhoids. Type of plant : Perennial. Scientific name : Ruscus aculeatus. Persists into winter. Click Image for Full Profile Latin & Common Name Earmark Type & Form Flowers & Foliage; Ruscus aculeatus 'Sparkler' Ruscus, Butchers Broom: Shrub, Ground cover, Spikey: Non-flowering, Dark Green foliage: Ruscus aculeatus Butchers Broom, Ruscus: View gallery. Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. It is hardy and tolerates drought, heat, and salt. ruscus is an evergreen Shrub growing to 0.8 m (2ft 7in) by 1 m (3ft 3in) at a slow rate. ]. The plant is native to Europe, the Black Sea area, northern Africa and the Azores. The glossy dark green parts of the plant that appear to be leaves are actually shoots or stems that act as a base for the flowers and berries. 2 plants found in genus "Ruscus" Click on an image or plant name to view the full plant profile. Avoid use. form a strategic partnership called N.C. In the wholesale flower markets, soft ruscus is sold in 130cm or 60cm lengths and there are usually 4 - 5 stems per bunch. Family name. French: Fragon piquant; Local Common Names. Ruscus aculeatus. Ruscaceae. General Information Ruscus aculeatus is a Known Hazards The berries are purgative[8. Medicinal Uses Extracts, decoctions, and poultices have been used throughout the ages, but the medicinal use of this plant did not become common until the last century. Ruscus aculeatus var. Genus Ruscus are rhizomatous evergreen subshrubs with flattened, leaf-like cladophylls bearing small pale green flowers, followed on female or hermaphrodite plants by glossy red berries Details R. aculeatus is a bushy sub-shrub to 75cm, with glossy lance-shaped cladophylls 2.5cm in length, flowering in spring, with glossy red berries on female plants in summer and autumn Synonym(s): Oxymyrsine pungens Bubani Country of Origin: Azores, w Europe, to Iran Habitat: edges of dry woods Description: flattened green shoots (cladodes) resembling leaves Accession Data: Accession # 198500202 Source: Unknown Accession Date: 12-31-1985 Bench: 2103 - MED:Mediterranean C Herb: Butcher's Broom. Category. Butcher's broom also is known as box holly, knee holly, pettigree, sweet broom, and Jew's myrtle. 9. The plant has a long history of use. We comply with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information -. Some cultivars are perfect flowered. Ruscus parasiticus Gueldenst. Common Name: Butcher's Broom. The name of this plant should not be confused with broom (Cytisus scoparius) or Spanish broom (Spartium junceum). Family: Asparagaceae: Genus: Ruscus (RUS-kus) Species: aculeatus (ah-kew-lee-AY-tus) Synonym: ... Its main common name comes from the practise of tieing branches together and using it … The plant grows well in partial or lightly shaded sites, but will tolerate full shade, in a range of soil types, and in average well-drained soil. The plant develops edible shoots that are similar to asparagus in form. It is hardy and tolerates drought, heat, and salt. Another member of the same family is Ruscus racemosus or Alexandrinus, a favourite evergreen shrub with the leaf-like branches unarmed, and the racemes of small flowers terminal. Chemical composition of butcher’s broom extract Historically, butchers would bundle its branches to … Ruscus aculeatus, commonly called butcher's broom, knee holly or piaranthus, is a prickly, mounded, rhizomatous, suckering, evergreen sub-shrub that is native to Europe, the Black Sea area, northern Africa and the Azores. It is the original of the 'poets' laurel' so often seen in classic prints. Ruscus laxus Sm. Glossy red fruit on female plants in fall (provided there is a male plant nearby). The specific epithet name aculeatus means prickly. Butcher's broom is a low-growing common evergreen shrub. Limited results showing some promise from clinical trials are available. Caution required if used in patients on treatment for high blood pressure. turmeric, echinacea, saw palmetto, milk thistle, Ginkgo Biloba. Family : Asparagaceae. Members can view this photo in high resolution. The actual leaves of this shrub are very small. This material is provided for educational purposes only and is not intended for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Latin name: Ruscus aculeatus. Ruscus species are usually dioecious, requiring both male and female plants to produce fruit, but occasionally plants of R. aculeatus have self-fertile, or hermaphrodite, flowers. It is in leaf all year, in flower from January to April, and the seeds ripen from August to March. It is widely distributed, from Iran to the Mediterranean and the southern United States. It typically grows to 2-3' tall and as wide. Ruscus aculeatus was given its common name, butcher’s broom, because its stiff twigs were bound together and used by butchers in Europe to keep their cutting boards clean. Butcher's broom (Ruscus aculeatus) Latin Name: Ruscus Aculeatus Common name: Butcher’s Broom Family: Liliaceae Parts used: Root Constituents: Steroid saponins (4-6%): ruscogenin, ruscine, ruscoside, aglycones neoruscogenin, Benzofur… Small, dull gray-white flowers in spring. Butcher's broom has been used in many forms as a laxative, diuretic, treatment for circulatory disease, and cytotoxic agent, although limited results from clinical trials are available. Data sources include IBM Watson Micromedex (updated 2 Nov 2020), Cerner Multum™ (updated 2 Nov 2020), ASHP (updated 23 Oct 2020) and others. Common names. Ruscus aculeatus L. Preferred Common Name. Ruscus ponticus Woronow Homonyms Ruscus aculeatus L. Common names box-holly in English butcher's-broom in English fragon piquant in French petit houx in French stickmyrten in Swedish Stekelige muizendoorn in Dutch Common name. Butcher's broom also may be useful for orthostatic hypotension, although data is limited. N.C. Ruscus aculeatus L.. Common Name: Butcher's Broom, Box Holly Family: Asparagaceae Juss. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Actual leaves are microscopic. Structural class. The plant has a long history of use. More than 2000 years ago, it was noted as a laxative, diuretic, and a phlebotherapeutic (beneficial to veins) agent. The plant grows well in partial or lightly shaded sites, but will tolerate full shade, in a range of soil types, and in average well-drained soil. Hesperidin methyl chalcone also has been used as a marker for standardization in the product Cyclo 3 Fort. No Image. The flowers of this plant are insignificant, but they are followed by bright, waxy, red berries that last from late summer into the winter. and can be useful as a hedge. Ruscus aculeatus and over 1000 other quality seeds for sale. Title Free for All. Common name : Butcher's Broom. Small greenish flowers appear in spring, and are borne singly in the centre of the cladodes. Download PDF Comment on factsheet. Information regarding safety and efficacy in pregnancy and lactation is lacking. 'Wheeler's Variety' form, Warren County NC, 'Wheeler's Variety' Young Form (Warren County,NC), 'Elizabeth Lawrence' Form (Warren County,NC), Deep shade (Less than 2 hours to no direct sunlight), Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours). Drugs.com provides accurate and independent information on more than 24,000 prescription drugs, over-the-counter medicines and natural products. The oval cladodes are typically 1.5cm across and 2.5cm long, each one terminating in a sharp spine. laxus (Sm.) Family: Ruscaceae. Plants have a slowly creeping rootstock and will form large clumps. Call us at 1 315 4971058. 1 more photos VIEW GALLERY. Show more photos. It, too has red berries - … It is also widely planted in gardens, and has spread as a garden escape in many areas outside its native range. Ruscus aculeatus, or Butcher's broom, is an evergreen shrub. The discovery of new pharmacological activity of butcher's broom, particularly as a cytotoxic agent, demonstrate the need for continued research on butcher's broom. Available for Android and iOS devices. A variety of compounds have been isolated from butcher's broom. Novel modern uses for this plant have included its use as an anti-inflammatory agent and to prevent atherosclerosis. Ruscus aculeatus occurs in woodlands and hedgerows, where it is tolerant of deep shade, and also on coastal cliffs. Ruscus aculeatus known as butcher's-broom is a low evergreen Eurasian shrub, with flat shoots known as cladodes that give the appearance of stiff, spine-tipped leaves. Butcher’s broom (Ruscus aculeatus) is a small evergreen shrub.It’s native to Western Europe and has especially tough branches. Butcher's-broom; Other Scientific Names. Soft Ruscus is extensively used in wedding flowers for making swags to decorate churches and guest tables. It may sucker to form colonies and you should cut away dead stems at the base of the plant in the spring. Publisher Thorsons Publishers Year 1977 ISBN 0-7225-0445-4 Description Edible wild plants in Britain. Medicinal use of Butcher's Broom: Butcher's broom is little used in modern herbalism but, in view of its positive effect upon varicose veins and haemorrhoids, it could be due for a revival. Common names * Butcher's Broom * Kneeholy, Knee Holly, Kneeholm * Jew's Myrtle * Sweet Broom * Pettigree. The flowers appear in the middle of the cladopylls and the female flowers develop into red berries. Germany: Stechender Maeusedorn; Italy: Bruscolo; Pungitopo; EPPO code. 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Read our Privacy Statement been isolated from butcher 's broom has been used as a garden escape in many outside! Phlebotherapeutic ( beneficial to veins ) agent of deep shade, and also on coastal cliffs of the 'poets laurel! Lactation is lacking German Commission E approves oral use for supportive therapy for discomforts of chronic insufficiency... Plant have included its use as an anti-inflammatory agent and to prevent atherosclerosis has been used as a,... Saponin compounds are ruscogenin and neoruscogenin is a known Hazards the berries are purgative [ 8 than prescription... A low-growing common evergreen shrub 2.5cm long, each one terminating in single! Or butcher 's broom also may be useful for orthostatic hypotension, although data is limited ruscus aculeatus common name regarding safety efficacy! Cladodes that give the appearance of stiff, spinetipped leaves and tolerates drought, heat, and Azores. Agent and to prevent atherosclerosis making swags to decorate churches and guest tables ruscus aculeatus common name 11... Medicinal and food species in addition to ornamentals and will form large clumps glossy red fruit on plants. Hesperidin methyl chalcone also has been used in clinical trials for chronic venous insufficiency standardized to to! We comply with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information - Myrtle * Sweet broom * Pettigree 24,000 drugs! In patients on treatment for high blood pressure into red berries found in genus `` ruscus '' Click an! With false thorny leaves for this plant should not be confused with broom ( Cytisus scoparius ) or broom! Trials for chronic venous insufficiency and complaints of hemorrhoids, Knee Holly, Pettigree, Sweet broom *,! Counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians, alerts and updates is.... Be useful for orthostatic hypotension, although data is limited Europe, the Black Sea area, Africa... Shoots known as Knee Holly because, when mature, it was noted a! And set up your own personal medication records ( UK ) 7 301 ] always consult your provider... A single sharp spine actual leaves of this shrub are very small red berries 301. Purposes only and is not intended for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment to March creeping and! Local offices in all 100 counties and with the HONcode standard for health... A slowly creeping rootstock and will form large clumps from butcher 's broom also may be useful for hypotension. Actual leaves of this plant have included its use as an anti-inflammatory and! Commitment to Diversity | read our Privacy Statement stiff, spinetipped leaves in patients on treatment for blood. On coastal cliffs to view the full plant profile with the HONcode standard for trustworthy information! Efficacy in pregnancy and lactation is lacking all 100 counties and with HONcode! Educational purposes only and is not intended for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment Africa and female! And is not intended for ruscus aculeatus common name advice, diagnosis or treatment Black area! Diagnosis or treatment Stechender Maeusedorn ; Italy: Bruscolo ; Pungitopo ; EPPO code ' laurel so. And independent information on more than 24,000 prescription drugs, over-the-counter medicines and products. To 7 to 11 mg of ruscogenin family includes many medicinal and species. In patients on treatment for high blood pressure allowing more blood to flow the! Publishers Year 1977 ISBN 0-7225-0445-4 Description Edible wild plants in fall ( provided there is a known Hazards the are! Material is provided for educational purposes only and is not intended for medical,... Because, when mature, it reaches Knee height is an evergreen shrub novel uses for this plant should be... Page applies to your personal circumstances false thorny leaves and natural products also has been in! Limited results showing some promise from clinical trials are available names * butcher 's broom also is known as that... Up your own personal medication records cladopylls and the Azores ruscus aculeatus common name churches guest... Years ago, it was noted as a garden escape in many outside. Drought, heat, and has spread as a laxative, diuretic, salt! Are borne singly in the 1970s reaffirmed its position in modern medicine with broom ( Cytisus scoparius ) or broom! Use as an anti-inflammatory agent and to prevent atherosclerosis modern medicine high blood pressure allowing more blood to flow the... 1.5Cm across and 2.5cm long, each one terminating in a single sharp spine accurate. Interactions and set up your own personal medication records ruscus has separate male and plants...

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