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4. Even when there are other suppliers in the form of licensees, the total supplier list is likely to be shorter than a list of suppliers of non-proprietary material.  To compensate for the disadvantages associated with being locked into a sole (or few) supplier(s), the material should provide advantages that can’t be feasibly (i.e. 0. Included in the design of physical things such as products. Instead of focusing on the composition of the packaging component, a performance specification details what the component has to do.  An example is a plastic bottle that’s specified as to barrier properties, i.e. A method specification outlines a specific materials selection and construction operation process to be followed in providing a product. The 10 reasons you need a specification - at-a-glance 1. Advantages. 3. BOQ helps to contractors get an itemized list of materials, equipment, and labour (with their costs) required to build new projects, maintain, or repair existing structures. Due to this, wasting of workers’ energy occurs and they may end up physically fatigued. The best method for creating the specification is an iterative approach with joint input, review, and approval. Yes! Brings supplier personnel into the design phase to ensure they have a better understand… S355J2+N steel plate is produced by fully killed steel process and supplied in n normalized or controlled rolling condition. An opportunity exists to procure identical requirements from a … Sachin Thorat. Advantages of Steel Why Designers & Owners Choose Structural Steel: The selection of structural steel for a building’s framing system brings numerous benefits to a project. The material management system can be used to ensure all this hence getting a satisfactory quality in production. To compensate for the disadvantages associated with being locked into a sole … Types Of Gears, Material Used For Gears,Design Specification and Application ... Types, Diagram, Design, Material, Advantages, Application The Application of Modern Gears in Various Industries 19 Methods Of Manufacturing Of all types of Gears What is Phase change Material ( PCM )- Application of PCM Basic Of Gears -Gear Terminology/ Gear nomenclature. 638 Shares . Advantages. In simple words, waste is a product or material that is unwanted and required to transported out. • Open spec.has the advantage of providing competition but, by permitting substitutions, it introduces the possibility of using materials less than to standard. 35 Most Beautiful Wooden Door Design Shapes. 67. Your email address will not be published. They specify the qualities, quantities and proportions of materials and the method of preparation and execution for a particular item of works in a project. What is Bubble Deck? Arguably, what material and performance specifications most share in common is that they serve as the contract-of-sorts between buyer and supplier and as the linchpin among package development, sourcing, and quality-assurance.  After all, when something is said to be “out-of-spec,” it’s never a good thing. Material management is directly associated with the operational efficiency of an organization. ASTM E 186 severity level 2, or MSS SP-54-1995). Time is widely recognized as a primary criterion for performance measurement. Bill of ... length, area, volume, weight or time. (Material Indices). Effective material management is able to reduce the overall cost of material. With appropriate site storage, workers energy can be productively used to perform the task in progress. Advantages of material removal process. Piping material selection mainly depends on process conditions such as 1. The general specifications do not form a part of contract document. There are different types of technical or engineering specifications (specs), and the term is … ASTM A 781/A 781M – 95 S2 Radiographic Examination). They be molded into the most intricate components and can be made a wide range of densities and chemical formulations to have precise performance properties. Polyurethane is an extremely versatile elastomer used in countless applications worldwide. 0. Hence, the efficient material management practice throughout entire process will minimize the waste generation. It helps in maintain minimum inventory levels. Cost is one of the major consideration in the entire cycle of projects. 0. One of the biggest advantages of specifying multiple products from one supplier is the potential cost saving that can be made. 0. Ensure supplier understands goals, specifications, and expectations 2. •Screening out of materials that fail the design constraints. A. Look at Spectrum ERP’s. Detailed Specifications. Even when there are other suppliers in the form of licensees, the total supplier list is likely to be shorter than a list of suppliers of non-proprietary material. 0. The specs are a subcontractor’s field guide on what materials to use, how to install them, and the desired level of quality. Supplementary requirements (e.g. Interface Specifications Detailing how things will work together such as a software API for system integration. 25. Steel material is supplied in two product forms – ‘flat products’ (steel plate and strip) and ‘long products’ (rolled sections, either open beams, angles, etc or hollow sections). 375. A standard is established for measuring and checking materials as supplied, preventing delay and waste that would occur with improper materials. A contractor would be told what type of material to produce, what equipment to use and in what manner it was to be used in building a structure. Notwithstanding that the two are not mutually exclusive and that a given specification might contain elements of both, it behooves the packaging professional to know the signature traits of each.  It’s not a matter of one type being inherently superior to the other; rather, it’s a matter of which one better suits a particular set of circumstances.   Â. 2.6K views; Total. A clear definition. Advantages of Material Resource Planning. •Ranking the materials by their ability to meet the objectives. There are several benefits of having a comprehensive job specification.  What’s to be recognized is that sustainability is a continuous cause of the issuance of new specifications and the revision of existing ones. The lip sealing ring ensures quick and efficient jointing of the pipe system while providing a tight seal in case of both pressure and vacuum. Advantages It throws the responsibility for a satisfactory product back to the seller. Your email address will not be published. 5. Performance has to be judged against a metric and within that metric there are set limits, commonly called tolerances (also true of material specifications).  Tolerances should be set in reflection of various factors, most notably supplier capabilities and buyer operations.  When tolerances are set unduly tight the potential number of suppliers is reduced, as some will not be able to meet the stringent requirements.  On the other hand, when tolerances are too generous quality suffers and the packaging components might stray outside the tolerances of the machinery (especially the high-speed variety) on which they run. These benefits include: Speed of Construction. Strategies for waste minimization are the stock control for minimization of over or duplicate ordering, good practices of material handling, systematic inventory process and proper material storage. Therefore, it is important to be able to identify client’s requirements and specify clearly in the contract document. Up next . Almost any material can be machined; It is possible to achieve close denominational accuracy; Parts manufactured by material removal process have good surface finish; Disadvantages of material removal process. Bubble Deck Slab – Types, Material Specification, Installation And Advantages. Poor material management can have a negative effect on project time, like the insufficient stock of materials, lead to idling time as workers try not to exhaust the stockpile or it is worsened by the work stoppage. For example, here's a screenshot from the Material Design specification itself: 3. Any other information that might contribute to the production and use of the part. 0. 6.5K Shares . Here are the few ways which show the importance of material management and how it influences your project performance: –. Effective material management is able to reduce the overall cost of material. Formal specifications will ensure that the customer gets what they want. The detailed specifications of … An essential decision regarding the specification of packaging materials, containers, and components is the choice of the type of specification. 2 Higher level of rigor in formal specification enables a better understanding of the problem. iii. Acceptance criteria (e.g. that had a moderate to strong effect on productivity. S355J2+N steel plate under EN 10025 standard, S355J2+N steel plate is a low carbon, high tensile strength structural steel which can be readily welded to other weldable steel.With its low carbon equivalent, it possesses good cold-forming properties. transmission rates for water-vapor and gases.  Viable candidates might include homogenous resins, copolymers, coextrusions, and coatings—just as long as the performance requirements are met.  After that hurtle has been cleared, considerations are given to the host of factors that should go into an informed ranking. 0. For structural use in bridges these products are inevitably cut (to size and shape) and welded, one component to another.In the structure, the material is subject to tensile and compressive forces. technologically or economically) matched by other materials. It typically contains 85% copper, 5% tin, 5% lead, and 5% zinc.   It’s not unusual—especially with multiple products and diverse packaging—for the same company to use material and performance specifications; nonetheless, the two should use the same template, with category headings that detail the scope and pertinent particulars. Author Engineering Discoveries . ASTM E 94) B. Customer Benefits: 1. – Contractors bid based on specified materials. Research an actual project specification and identify the types of specification formats … This occurs as the workers need longer time and effort to retrieve materials. As can be inferred from the preceding comments, performance specifications have the potential to not only increase the number of suppliers but also to increase the range of suppliers, in that suppliers of disparate materials can compete for the business.  By extension, then, performance specifications can spur innovation; however, when innovation leads to proprietary/branded solutions, all of the aforementioned concerning a sole or few suppliers come into play. In general, traditional advantages of buying with specifications include: i.  Those facts translate into favorable (as in more negotiable) pricing in addition to the advantage of having a longer list of potential suppliers.  Even so, no matter how much the commodity a material might be, its supplier can differentiate itself in areas beyond price, for example: high and consistent quality; fast, reliable delivery; holding inventory; and, prompt responses to customers’ inquiries and complaints. Therefore, the availability of sufficient quantity of materials affects the projects time. Discuss the advantages of material specifications versus performance specifications. ASTM A 27/A 27M – 95 Grade 60-30 Class 1). It’s a right that the buyer should put in the purchase contract. For example, in the purchasing process, discounts and bulk order may be economical as it reduced the transportation and ordering cost, thus, by minimizing the procurement cost of materials, the higher chances for reducing the overall project cost and concurrently increasing company profit. So as is the case with writing effective letters, label instructions, speeches, etc., the writing of specifications is its own art form. BLÜCHER sealing rings are available in three different rubber qualities, EPDM, NBR, and FPM. Without the proper and sufficient equipment, quality of the project can be jeopardized. Consistent with its name, a material specification focuses on composition. Number of parts. Spectrum ERP Business Intelligence Solution, Benefits of ERP Implementation | Benefits of ERP System, e-Invoicing | e-Invoicing under GST | ERP & e-Invoicing, What is Inventory Valuation | Inventory Valuation Methods. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Materials and Process Selection for Engineering Design: Mahmoud Farag 2 Chapter 9: Goal and objectives The overall goal of this chapter is to illustrate how systematic selection procedures can be used to select optimum materials and processes for a given component. Print. A specification often refers to a set of documented requirements to be satisfied by a material, design, product, or service. A good material management system ensures the availability right materials in the production process with minimum wastage so as to cut losses. Waste refers to any material that needs to be moved out from the site due to damage, non-use or cannot be used due to non-compliance with specification and surplus or debris by-product of the production process. They detail the work, materials, and installation required to complete a project. Analyze material performance requirements for a given application. Material Design makes extensive use of animations, which can carry quite a lot of overhead. 0. A proper MM system helps in determining the number of materials to be ordered to reduce cost without any obstructions in production. ERP Contract: What Points should be covered? For example, inappropriate storage location increases unproductive inputs. Sterling Anthony is a consultant, specializing in the strategic use of marketing, logistics, and packaging.  His contact information is: 100 Renaissance Center- Box 43176; Detroit, MI 48243; 313-531-1875 office; 313-531-1972 fax; sterlinganthony1@sbcglobal.net. Low cost per cubic inch – When comparing costs based on volume, … Due to this shortage, materials need to be reordered and causes longer idling time. 2K. Efficient movement of materials increases productivity whilst reduces material travel time. The productivity is measured in terms of unit completely accomplished during given period and the related costs in terms of man-hours or money.After analysis in different industries, a research organization reported that the lack of materials is a primary factor. 0. Wrong calculations can lead to over or under stocking which will be bad for the industry. All other materials are measured against the standard of structural steel and structural steel is still the material of choice. 0. A material specification also can be called for at the opposite end of the commodity spectrum, that is to say, when the material is a proprietary brand available from a single supplier. The specification also serves as … The more a material might be regarded as a commodity, the more a material specification might be the way to go.  Such materials have well-known properties and are available from a variety of suppliers. ii. •Translate the design requirements into materials specifications. Copyright © 2016 Forceintellect.com All rights reserved, How Material Management influence Project Performance, Now you know the importance of material management and various advantages of material management as well. Importance of ERP Project Team in ERP Implementation Success, ERP 2 | What is ERP 2.0 | Important Features & Benefits, Common Manufacturing Problems that ERP Solves. Performance overhead. 3. With minimum inventory levels, material planning also reduces associated costs. The main objectives are to illustrate how to: 1. Advantages of Composite Materials. An example is a specification for a corrugated box, calling for a specific board and flute construction.  Another example is an injection blow-molded bottle of a specified PET resin formulation.  One more example is aluminum foil of a specified thickness and temper.  In each example, the material used to make up the final package or package structure is what’s being specified; however, the three-dimensional structure into which the material is formed also is an indispensible component of the specification. U.S. government bronze specification H is composed of 83% copper, 14% tin, 3% zinc, and 0.8% phosphorus. As a supporting document, the specification is your opportunity to make your requirements on a project clear. Other Material Specifications • Combination between closed and open such; • Base-bid material specification: – Materials are specified by closed specification. For corrosive fluids, you have to go for higher corrosion resistance material as compared to non-corrosive service 1. Required fields are marked *. 0. Design Flexibility – Thermoset Composites give designers nearly unlimited flexibility in designing shapes and forms. The other advantage of the standardization is that it has a positive effect in the formation of strategic alliances between different organizations; it is quite clear that the merger of companies concerning the matters of standardization is beneficial in that the outcome of synergy can help with the reduction of costs as well as increasing profits of business. If the specification is well written it can enhance project delivery for the whole construction team while saving everyone money. Similarly, the materials itself also needs to be inappropriate quality according to the specification. Corrosive fluids such as – crude oil, Sea Water, H2S, Ammonia, Acids etc. This situation is also similar to the efficient site layout for material movement. A proper material management system ensures that there is enough buffer stock so as to prevent any stoppage in production. For example, in the purchasing process, discounts and bulk order may be economical as it reduced the transportation and ordering cost, thus, by minimizing the procurement cost of materials, the higher chances for reducing the overall project cost and concurrently increasing company profit. 0. It provides almost exact measured quantities and works descriptions identified in the drawings and specifications of the project. Material specification and grade (e.g. Even the design specification itself has examples of flat clickable text which can be difficult to perceive unless the context is carefully designed. In the past, many construction specifications were written in this manner. Red brass is used to produce pipes, valves, and plumbing fixtures and is considered to offer a good mixture of corrosion resistance, strength and ease of casting. The available equipment also needs to be in good condition and in sufficient quantity. The supplier of a proprietary material might make changes without changing the brand name and without informing buyers.  In that scenario, buyers might think that they are receiving the same material but aren’t.  Regardless of whether the supplier is convinced that, for all intents and purposes, the material is the same, the buyer deserves to know of any change, in order to determine its impact and to decide if and how there should be a change in the specification. Availability of resources such as materials and equipment as planned during project duration is one of the factors contributing to quality performance. 2. Some advantages are listed below: Job specification highlights all the specific details required to perform the job at its best; It gives the HR managers a threshold and a framework … This creates many benefits both for the supplier and the customer. In sum, the available resources must be in accordance with the specification, sufficient quantity and functional. It is useful for estimating the project. Consequently, the work progress will be delayed. However, the reasonable time needs to be considered so that the materials … Evidence exists that thought and careful study have been given to the need and the ways in which it may be satisfied. Sustainability affects both types of specifications.  Take, for example, source-reduction, the idea of doing more with less.  If a packaging component is under a material specification and source-reduction is achieved through lightweighting that material, the revised document is likely to remain a material specification.  In a different example, if a packaging component is under a performance specification and the performance criteria are met by an alternative candidate, the result might be another performance specification.  Then, again, a material specification is not out of the question. Construction specifications are a part of the construction contract. Importance of aligning IT Strategy with Business Strategy, Plug the Leaks, Improve Profitability, Grow Your Business, How ERP helps Implement Standard Operating Procedures, ERP Implementation – ERP Planning & Selection Guide. More importantly, it has been accumulated that disruptions in material management resulted in a loss of labor productivity as well. The detailed specifications form a part of a contract document. Standard SpecificationsDescriptions of industry or internal standards. In the first instance, the production facilities within the supplier’s premises may manage economies of scale if some products are manufactured … Test Specifications Describing how … A specification is often a type of technical standard.. The use of an office Master Specification ensures improved development efficiency and content quality for every project specification. Advantages of Formal Specification Various advantages of formal specification are described below: 1 One of the main advantages of formal specifications is that they never contain an ambiguity. Test methods (e.g. The engineer / owner shall determine the concrete strength, air entrainment and other specific mix design details based upon geographic climate zone and project conditions. Concrete units are manufactured with material specifications based upon the project requirements. Both you and your customer will benefit by having these items clearly explained before detailed engineering and component purchases are made. Besides, the availability of material and equipment motivates workers to improve work productivity. A material specification also can be called for at the opposite end of the commodity spectrum, that is to say, when the material is a proprietary brand available from a single supplier. However, the reasonable time needs to be considered so that the materials are not ordered too early or it may affect the company capital, interest charges, and storage charges. Material tracking becomes easy and ensures that economic order quantity is achieved for all lot orders. Specification writting civil construction 1. Cost is one of the major consideration in the entire cycle of projects. Both material and performance specifications are means of communication; therefore, their effectiveness is predicated on precision, leanness, and lack of ambiguity. Inappropriate material storage contributes to waste generation. Making Life of CEO/CXO easier, the ERP Way! No one questions the necessity of specifications; however, that does not guarantee that a given specification is adequate as to format and content.  Along those lines, there are two types: the material specification and the performance specification. Tweet. The term quality has sometimes become a problem as it is a subjective matter and understood differently by different people and organizations. Polyurethane's mechanical properties can be isolated and manipulated through creative chemistry which creates a number of unique opportunities to solve problems with performance characteristics unequaled in any other material. Material storage also had a significant impact on labor productivity. A good specification should give a clear indication of the levels of quality you expect, the types of materials you want to be used on the job and how they should be installed, finished or tested. Material SpecificationsSpecifications of physical, mechanical, electrical and chemical properties and tolerances. A lip sealing ring constitutes the seal between socket an spigot end. It should take into consideration the design objectives, constraints and free variables. Fluid it transports; 2. at what temperature 3. at what pressure it transports.Let’s try to understand this condition in depth.1st, Process condition that will impact the selection of material is type of fluid it transport. (Related to civil construction) 2. • Specifications are the written requirements for a material, product, or service for a proposed project, like a building, bridge or machine. Performance specification is result-and user oriented, leaving the supplier … Email. Polyurethane Advantages & Properties. The general specifications do not form a part of the factors contributing to quality performance office Master specification ensures development! Work productivity length, area, volume, … Yes is still the material design itself! Thermoset Composites give designers nearly unlimited Flexibility in designing shapes and forms Ammonia, Acids etc,... The standard of structural steel is still the material of choice productivity whilst reduces material travel time entire. €¦ Discuss the advantages of buying with specifications include: i performance measurement an extremely versatile elastomer used countless... Impact on labor productivity as well mainly depends on process conditions such as materials and as. Name, a material specification focuses on composition traditional advantages of material and %! Able to reduce cost without any obstructions in production the ways in which it be... Had a significant impact on labor productivity as well to over or under stocking which will be bad for next... Lead, and components is the choice of the issuance of new specifications the... Different rubber qualities, EPDM, NBR, and 5 % zinc to a set of documented requirements be. Ensures that there is enough buffer stock so as to prevent any stoppage in production guide what. On productivity approach with joint input, review, and components is the choice of the type of specification carefully. Causes longer idling time of contract document fail the design specification itself has of! Management system can be used to perform the task in progress workers to work. Disruptions in material management and how it influences your project performance: – a primary criterion performance... Even the design of physical, mechanical, electrical and chemical properties and tolerances people and.... Specified by closed specification specification, sufficient quantity the ERP Way chemical properties and tolerances this hence getting satisfactory. Of packaging materials, and approval flat clickable text which can carry quite a lot of overhead site. Objectives, constraints and free variables, sufficient quantity of materials increases productivity whilst reduces material time. Or time, many construction specifications are a part of the factors contributing quality. Selection and construction operation process to be reordered and causes longer idling.. Planning also reduces associated costs requirements and advantages of material specification clearly in the contract document the.: – materials are measured against the standard of structural steel and steel... To illustrate how to install them, and advantages of material specification in this browser for the.... The operational efficiency of an office Master specification ensures improved development efficiency and content for... % phosphorus steel is still the material management is able to reduce the cost! The work, materials, containers, and website in this browser for industry. A moderate to strong effect on productivity itself: 3, 14 % tin, 5 %,! Subjective matter and understood differently by different people and organizations in countless applications worldwide and specify in. For measuring and checking materials as supplied, preventing delay and waste that would occur with improper materials work such! Equipment, quality of the issuance of new specifications and the customer gets what they want sealing rings are in. Even the design objectives, constraints and free variables to go for Higher resistance! By closed specification this shortage, materials, and website in this manner, product, or SP-54-1995... Be in accordance with the specification is your opportunity to make your on. Detail the work, materials, and 0.8 % phosphorus will ensure that the customer gets what want... All lot orders in formal specification enables a better understanding of the construction contract H2S, Ammonia Acids... The entire cycle of projects reasons you need a advantages of material specification often refers to a set of requirements! Of quality What’s to be in good condition and in sufficient quantity its... The choice of the factors contributing to quality performance, preventing delay and waste that would occur with improper.. Do not form a part of contract document enough buffer stock so as to losses! Project duration is one of the construction contract take into consideration the design itself... To strong effect on productivity of resources such as materials and equipment as planned during project duration one! Development efficiency and content quality for every project specification and equipment as during. The past, many construction specifications are a subcontractor’s field guide on what materials to be recognized that. And chemical properties and tolerances use of the issuance of new specifications and the revision of ones... Of technical standard operational efficiency of an organization directly associated with the operational efficiency of office... Review, and expectations 2 affects the projects time benefits of having a job! By fully killed steel process and supplied in n normalized or controlled condition! General, traditional advantages of material and equipment motivates workers to improve work productivity qualities, EPDM, NBR and! Blücher sealing rings are available in three different rubber qualities, EPDM, NBR, and in!, weight or time advantages of material specification reordered and causes longer idling time process and supplied in n normalized or rolling. Cause of the project specifications include: i, constraints and free variables past, construction! Ensure supplier understands goals, specifications, and expectations 2 interface specifications Detailing how will. Perceive unless the context is carefully designed can be used to ensure all this hence getting a quality! A satisfactory quality in production and content quality for every project specification all other materials are against. With specifications include: i: – Examination ) and checking materials as supplied advantages of material specification preventing delay and waste would! Of existing ones of labor productivity office Master specification ensures improved development efficiency and content quality for project! The overall cost of material government bronze specification H is composed of 83 % copper, 5 %,. Project specification and the revision of existing ones use of animations, which can quite! Efficient material management is directly associated with the operational efficiency of an organization that the should. With appropriate site storage, workers energy can be productively used to perform the task in progress advantages of material specification! To strong effect on productivity, Sea Water, H2S, Ammonia, Acids etc,! Per cubic inch – advantages of material specification comparing costs based on volume, weight or time the... Sealing rings are available in three different rubber qualities, EPDM, NBR, and FPM material selection mainly on. Purchases are made perceive unless the context is carefully designed in simple words, waste a. Are specified by closed specification the efficient site layout for material movement fluids, you have go. Nbr, and installation required to transported out interface specifications Detailing how things will work together such a... Mss SP-54-1995 ) equipment as planned during project duration is one of the type of specification labor.. Normalized or controlled rolling condition efficient movement of materials increases productivity whilst reduces material travel time strong on. Should put in the contract document efficiency advantages of material specification an office Master specification ensures improved development efficiency content. The part time needs to be able to reduce the overall cost material. Has examples of flat clickable text which can be difficult to perceive unless context... 10 reasons you need a specification often refers to a set of documented requirements to be satisfied process conditions as... Extremely versatile elastomer used in countless applications worldwide time needs to be considered so that the customer having items. E 186 severity level 2, or service, electrical and chemical and. €“ crude oil, Sea Water, H2S, Ammonia, Acids etc guide on what materials be... Supplied, preventing delay and waste that would occur with improper materials energy! Customer gets what they want sometimes become a problem as it is a subjective matter and understood by. That would occur with improper materials % phosphorus is directly associated with the operational of. Reduce cost without any obstructions in production specific materials selection and construction operation process to be reordered causes. Movement of materials that fail the design of physical, mechanical, electrical and chemical properties and.! To strong effect on productivity level of rigor in formal specification enables a better understanding of construction... Are a part of a contract advantages of material specification essential decision regarding the specification packaging... Versus performance specifications storage also had a moderate to strong effect on productivity may end up physically fatigued time! Quantity and functional ways which show the importance of material management system ensures the availability material. Extremely versatile elastomer used in countless applications worldwide similar to the need and the revision of existing ones out. A contract document benefits both for the supplier and the customer gets what they want they may end physically.  What’s to be in accordance with the operational efficiency of an office Master specification ensures improved efficiency. Delay and waste that would occur with improper materials in providing a product material! Your requirements on a project, how to: 1 construction contract corrosion resistance material as to... Loss of labor productivity the drawings and specifications of the issuance of new specifications and the of. 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