= 10, Chrome >= 55 (including Opera), I've worked on a few apps with Angular that support IE11, had no issues that were Angular specific. They also didn't work for our particular use-case and our theming solution which relied on runtime setting of the Custom Properties. You do this in polyfills.ts. After a lot of investigation, I found that it could be polyfilled, however, the polyfills that I found were slow, had a huge impact on the bundle size and not entirely perfect. Browser polyfills. not IE 9-11 or. Log in Create account DEV is a community of 510,512 amazing developers We're a place where coders share, stay up-to-date and grow their careers. into that file, and then add the following code before importing zone.js. Therefore, TypeScript needs to Transpile your code to ES5 compatible code. * This file is divided into 2 sections: By clicking “Sign up for GitHub”, you agree to our terms of service and I'm actually going to disagree. * (window as any).__Zone_disable_requestAnimationFrame = true; // disable patch requestAnimationFrame It is, I have a note in the article how it can increase bundle size if you allow it to run for IE9 and 10. * automatically update themselves. Bug Fixes 'noImplicityAny' incompatibility that appeared due to ts3.7 update is fixed import 'core-js/es6/date'; Open your polyfills.ts file and place the following at the top under BROWSER POLYFILLS: If you need a quick win (N… We use optional third-party analytics cookies to understand how you use GitHub.com so we can build better products. IE11 doesn't support CSS Custom Properties such as --primary-color: blue; which meant our theming solution was potentially on the ropes. Thx for reporting the issue. Learn more, Angular 9 es5 build result is not working in IE11 (SCRIPT1046), _angular_core__WEBPACK_IMPORTED_MODULE_1__. Generate components, routes, services and pipes with a simple command. missing features such as multiple Custom Properties in one line among other issues. In IE11 when i click on inspect element my code always works fine . CoreJS is included with Angular install, and can be used for the majority of the polyfills you require. For more information, see our Privacy Statement. If you or any of your dependencies use features from ES6+, you're going to need to polyfill those. This includes Safari >= 10, Chrome >= 55 (including Opera), Edge >= 13 on the desktop, and iOS 10 and Chrome on mobile. * import './zone-flags.ts'; * (window as any).__zone_symbol__BLACK_LISTED_EVENTS = ['scroll', 'mousemove']; // disable patch specified eventNames In this episode, Robert is joined by Ed Charbeneau for a discussion on using Angular with ASP.NET Core. TIL IE11 support in Angular is a huge pain. **/ ), using modern frameworks with it is never an ideal solution, so going back to something more easier would be probably the way to go then. The last release had made everyone hoping for a new paradigm to begin. Standard animation support in Angular DOES NOT require any polyfills (as of Angular 6.0). import 'core-js/es6/weak-map'; * * will put import in the top of bundle, so user need to create a separate file I am getting the below error in IE11. * ng generate. Application imports. I did not consider this for the dependencies. * Learn more in https://angular.io/guide/browser-support import 'core-js/es6/parse-int'; If you use Angular Material or the AnimationBuilder from @angular/platform-browser/animations then find the following line: Uncomment it and run npm install --save web-animations-js. simneol changed the title Angular 9 es5 Build result is not working in IE11 (SCRIPT1046) Angular 9 es5 build result is not working in IE11 (SCRIPT1046) Nov 6, 2019. These are applied before loading ZoneJS and are sorted by browsers. * Zone JS is required by default for Angular itself. The error occured because pathname of 4th argument object was defined twice. * This file includes polyfills needed by Angular and is loaded before the app. Angular 9 Features. Please file a new issue if you are encountering a similar or related problem. It already follows our best practices! * This could potentially limit our choices going forward, which is never ideal. You may well run into further issues. In this Angular 8|9 and Node.js tutorial, we are going to look at how to upload files on the Node server.To create Angular image upload component, we will be using Angular 8|9 front-end framework along with ng2-file-upload NPM package; It’s an easy to use Angular … Knowing the limitations now allows us to move forward keeping these restrictions in mind, but Angular on its own is not to fault, and potentially shouldn't be overlooked just because IE11 has to be supported. To solve CROS related issues in Angular, we will manage proxy configuration settings. Yep. Read more about our automatic conversation locking policy.. google.com/url?sa=i&url=https%3A%2... DEV Community – A constructive and inclusive social network. AndrewKushnir added comp: compiler engine: ivy labels Nov 6, 2019. ngbot bot modified the … For whatever reason you still have to support IE11 (enterprise maybe? * import 'core-js/es7/array'; is not working in Internet. Learn more, We use analytics cookies to understand how you use our websites so we can make them better, e.g. Now that I have it supported; I feel pretty accomplished . I hope this article can save someone some pain in the future! Also I have attached the IE11 Error page. * The flags allowed in zone-flags.ts are listed here. Browser polyfills. DEV Community © 2016 - 2020. I'm sure there might be a Babel Plugin that might do this. // import 'classlist.js'; // Run `npm install --save classlist.js`. my angular code not working in IE11 apart from IE11 in other browsers it is working. * Files imported after ZoneJS that should be loaded before your main How to set up your Angular project to run on IE 11. import 'core-js/es6/function'; 0 for angular 9 in order to use the angular. * A simple yet powerful tree component for Angular2. * Hi, I have used Angular CLI to develop an application. You signed in with another tab or window. import 'core-js/es6/string'; 2. */, /*************************************************************************************************** Nice summation on what is required. import 'core-js/es6/symbol'; // Run `npm install --save web-animations-js`. Features of Angular 10 vs Angular 11 vs Angular 9 vs Angular 8 The component-based architecture resembles MVC but makes components reusable, encapsulates code and makes it more productive. It was still possible to support IE11, fully, despite the polyfills and ponyfills. Target ES5: Pretty straightforward, IE11 only supports ES5 or lower. This issue has been automatically locked due to inactivity. Polyfills - Some of the libraries we work with, or code we write, relies on features from versions of ECMAScript that IE11 doesn't support, therefore we need to provide this functionality to ES5 manually using workarounds. * Web Animations `@angular/platform-browser/animations` We need to say we are supporting IE 11, but if we are not supporting IE 9 or 10, it's equally important to specifically say we aren't supporting them, otherwise the differential loader will include a lot of guff. From what I've experienced though, was that dropping the target to es5 meant that your dependencies have to support es5. I'm still facing the issue. * because those flags need to be set before `zone.js` being loaded, and webpack Some of these will now be discussed in the second half of this article. To give support for IE 11 is huge pain in the ass.. If your angular application is not working in IE11, then the following simple steps can be used to make it work. Angular 9 Polyfills Ie11 get = function get() { pushTarget(this); var value; var vm = th. For some reason, when you open dev tools whilst having ng serve running on IE11 causes conflicts with zone.js; Let's go quickly go through the why's of each step above before we go into some further tips on additional problems that may arise. This error was not occured when optimization(in angular.json) option is enabled or build target(in tsconfig.json) compiler option is es2015 with differential loading. *, The following flags will work for all browsers. * * in this directory (for example: zone-flags.ts), and put the following flags Full Stack JS Developer and JS Enthusiast, /** IE10 and IE11 requires the following for NgClass support on SVG elements */. import 'classlist.js'; //Run npm install --save classlist.js. import 'zone.js/dist/zone'; // Included with Angular CLI. /** IE9, IE10 and IE11 requires all of the following polyfills. You should be good to go! The polyfills.ts file, which is present in every Angular project, is the right place to import all the necessary polyfills. Only required if AnimationBuilder is used within the application and using IE/Edge or Safari. Can the absence of new features or performance improvements mean that we're close to the official release? In this episode I will show how to fix Angular 4 or 5 Application running issues in IE11 . This file includes polyfills needed by Angular and is loaded before the app. Can you message me on Twitter @FerryColum ? Also with Angular 8 there's differential loading which produces polyfill bundles for older browsers alongside smaller bundles for modern browsers (it's very clever!). Literature Essay Samples, Advantages Of Reading Essay, Aws Ebs Block Size, Laboratory Technologist Salary Singapore, Dire Wolf Skull, Houses To Rent That Accept Housing Benefit, "/>
Dec 082020
 

Ed shows how to create an Angular app using … Angular is supposed to work in IE10+, according to the official website: Recently, if you create a brand new project with the Angular CLI and test it in IE11, you see that it is not working (not displaying anything).. I currently have an app deployed online. In this article I will show you the steps I took to support Internet Explorer 11 with Angular. By default, zone.js will patch all possible macroTask and DomEvents, user can disable parts of macroTask/DomEvents patch by setting following flags, because those flags need to be set before, will put import in the top of bundle, so user need to create a separate file, in this directory (for example: zone-flags.ts), and put the following flags. * (window as any).__Zone_disable_on_property = true; // disable patch onProperty such as onclick Table […] IE11 does support flexbox, but it's very picky about how it does so. This could potentially limit our choices going forward, which is never ideal. Find the zone.js import and add the following so it looks like this: I did not have fun trying to get this to work during the week. Update to Angular 9 and see all the newest features and the new Ivy compiler for yourself. import 'core-js/es6/regexp'; import 'core-js/client/shim'; Registrati e fai offerte sui lavori gratuitamente. We use optional third-party analytics cookies to understand how you use GitHub.com so we can build better products. import 'formdata-polyfill'; /** IE10 and IE11 requires the following for NgClass support on SVG elements / IE11 needs polyfills since it does not support ES2015 and later features. Now if we want to include a new dependency or library in our application, we need to make sure that it builds to and supports ES5, otherwise, we have to skip it. /*, import 'web-animations-js'; // Run npm install --save web-animations-js. Templates let you quickly answer FAQs or store snippets for re-use. * You can add your own extra polyfills to this file. IE11 only supports at best ES5. 1. * 2. Awesome . /** The continuous integration server runs all the tests against IE9, IE10, and IE11. * By default, zone.js will patch all possible macroTask and DomEvents not IE 9-10 not IE 11 with: not IE 9-10 IE 11 to get an IE 11 build back. I left a comment under one of the feedback to this article to state that it was very possible to support IE11, and in truth, Angular did not in itself have any issues, however, the additional tools you might use along with it will need extra work. It also allows us to continue to develop in a modern environment, which keeps the option that if we ever no longer have to support IE11, due to changes in SLAs, then we can remove the polyfills and alter the target in the tsconfig compilerOptions to target a more modern version of ECMAScript. (prettified). For example, doing the following: results in the following on IE11, losing the --primary-color: blue. helper will be appreciated . they're used to log you in. * * The current setup is for so-called "evergreen" browsers; the last versions of browsers that We use essential cookies to perform essential website functions, e.g. GitHub is home to over 50 million developers working together to host and review code, manage projects, and build software together. Bidirectional data link that synchronizes the model with the … Your final polyfills.ts file should look similar to: And that's it! It shows below message. This will allow the code using modern features to continue to work correctly. I found that these covered my use-case: The next part we need to do is to find the following lines, near the top of polyfills.ts: As instructed run: For example, ngIf is used to display content after conditions. We're a place where coders share, stay up-to-date and grow their careers. * BROWSER POLYFILLS Tagged with angular, ie11. Angular 2/4/5 non funziona in IE11 124 Sto cercando di capire perché la mia app angular 2 è bloccata sulla visualizzazione del caricamento ... durante l'esecuzione in IE 11. Open your polyfills.ts file and place the following at the top under BROWSER POLYFILLS: If you need a quick win (NOT RECOMMENDED): Otherwise, try to discern what polyfills you need. Have a question about this project? This issue has been automatically locked due to inactivity. import ‘classlist.js’; import ‘web-animations-js’; Internet Explorer 11 cannot execute angular 9 project when build target is es5 and optimization option is disabled. Read more about our automatic conversation locking policy. This action has been performed automatically by a bot. Here is my pollyfills.js Yes, I simulated it in two different version. */. Join the community of millions of developers who build compelling user interfaces with Angular. The flags allowed in zone-flags.ts are listed here. It is because the required polyfills are not included anymore by default.. You need to manually edit the src/polyfills.ts file and uncomment: * in IE/Edge developer tools, the addEventListener will also be wrapped by zone.js https://github.com/simneol/angular9-es5-bug. /***************************************************************************************************, /***************************************************************************************************. */, /*************************************************************************************************** This is a duplicate of #30569 and should be fixed by #33514. Free tutorial: Set up Angular 8 with ngx-translate, extract translations from code, switch translations This tutorial uses the newest Angular 8 together with ngx-translate 11. you will learn This post will give you simple example of show form errors on submit in angular. E’ arrivato Angular 9!La nuova versione coinvolge diversi aspetti del framework, da Angular Material alla Command Line Interface(CLI). can anyone know, about this strangest problem in IE11 . This became hell quickly. This article is related to Angular 2+. automatically update themselves. The Angular CLI makes it easy to create an application that already works, right out of the box. Angular is a platform for building mobile and desktop web applications. In this tutorial, we will learn to handle CORS (Cross-Origin Resource Sharing) issue in Angular 8/9/10 and Node/Express Applications. import 'core-js/es6/object'; Mam projekt Angular 4, … Open source and radically transparent. IE 11 and Angular don’t always mix. npm install --save classlist.js. import 'core-js/es6/array'; Sign up for a free GitHub account to open an issue and contact its maintainers and the community. Supports events, customisation, styling, key navigation and more. I have also added the necessary Meta tag edited the tsconfig.js to target es5 edited browserlist pretty much everything. Our team had already implemented most of these but others using our Angular library were not able to get some of the features in our library to work. To sort out CORS related problems in Node/Express Applications, we will be using a third-party plugin called cors and some backend settings. We do not run tests on IE8 and below. // Run `npm install --save classlist.js`. Doesn't look like images attached. This action has been performed automatically by a bot. Hopefully you have gained something from reading this article, maybe a tidbit you didn't know before. *. But it did highlight an interesting problem. If you have any questions, feel free to ask below or reach out to me on Twitter: @FerryColum. * user can disable parts of macroTask/DomEvents patch by setting following flags * Standard animation support in Angular DOES NOT require any polyfills (as of Angular 6.0). *, (window as any).__Zone_disable_requestAnimationFrame = true; // disable patch requestAnimationFrame, (window as any).__Zone_disable_on_property = true; // disable patch onProperty such as onclick, in IE/Edge developer tools, the addEventListener will also be wrapped by zone.js. * 1. The CLI will also create simple test shells for all of these. I noticed that if I wanted to use flex: 1; to allow an element to fill the remaining space, on IE11 I had to set the full flex property: flex: 1 0 auto; or something similar. they're used to gather information about the pages you visit and how many clicks you need to accomplish a task. privacy statement. See Travis CI and ci.angularjs.org. But I need to execute angular project in IE11 using non-optimization and es5 build target for smooth debugging. At the end I'll add some additional tips that may come up in a real-world application. to your account, The issue is caused by package @angular/common or @angular/compiler. /**. */. * Only required if AnimationBuilder is used within the application and using IE/Edge or Safari. Cerca lavori di Angular 7 not working in ie11 o assumi sulla piattaforma di lavoro freelance più grande al mondo con oltre 18 mln di lavori. import 'core-js/es6/number'; import 'core-js/es6/parse-float'; Millions of developers and companies build, ship, and maintain their software on GitHub — the largest and most advanced development platform in the world. Learn more. I would state that Angular is not the best solution if you have to support IE 11 then. 9.0.0-rc.0 (error occured during runtime), serve build output using any web server (I used nginx). Questa versione integra di default il nuovo compilatore Ivy, il nome in codice del “next-generation compilation and rendering pipeline“.. Update the target property in compilerOptions to match the following, if not already: Open you browserlist file and change the line not IE 9-11 to match: If you or any of your dependencies use features from ES6+, you're going to need to polyfill those. Without having looked into it much and knowing that ng eject is now nonviable, I wonder if @angular-builders/custom-webpack might be a gateway to having a webpack config that transpiles 3rd party libraries into es5 to fit this use case. . Already on GitHub? Angular 9.0.0-rc.10 (January 22, 2020) The Angular 9.0.0-rc.10 version came out with a few bug fixes. Browserlist: This is an interesting one. import 'core-js/es6/math'; * APPLICATION IMPORTS Sign in Successfully merging a pull request may close this issue. * file. Now if we want to include a new dependency or library in our application, we need to make sure that it builds to and supports ES5, otherwise, we have to skip it. Skip to content. It's worth the investigation. CoreJS is included with Angular install, and can be used for the majority of the polyfills you require. Ok, so the motivation to write this article came from being tasked to support IE11 in our green-field app. Built on Forem — the open source software that powers DEV and other inclusive communities. * This file includes polyfills needed by Angular and is loaded before the app. When tested using any of the following: IE11/IE10/IE9. You can always update your selection by clicking Cookie Preferences at the bottom of the page. */, /** Funnily enough, I explored this option when I was trying to get the CSS Custom Properties to work. please help me to sort it out. Thank you for putting this together! *. Therefore we have to update our tsconfig.json. // import 'web-animations-js'; // Run `npm install --save web-animations-js`. * (window as any).__Zone_enable_cross_context_check = true; You can add your own extra polyfills to this file. The app clearly runs but does not function as intended. /** IE11 will only allow the setting of a DOM Element's style attribute with CSS Properties it supports. */, /*************************************************************************************************** import 'core-js/es6/map'; This includes Safari >= 10, Chrome >= 55 (including Opera), I've worked on a few apps with Angular that support IE11, had no issues that were Angular specific. They also didn't work for our particular use-case and our theming solution which relied on runtime setting of the Custom Properties. You do this in polyfills.ts. After a lot of investigation, I found that it could be polyfilled, however, the polyfills that I found were slow, had a huge impact on the bundle size and not entirely perfect. Browser polyfills. not IE 9-11 or. Log in Create account DEV is a community of 510,512 amazing developers We're a place where coders share, stay up-to-date and grow their careers. into that file, and then add the following code before importing zone.js. Therefore, TypeScript needs to Transpile your code to ES5 compatible code. * This file is divided into 2 sections: By clicking “Sign up for GitHub”, you agree to our terms of service and I'm actually going to disagree. * (window as any).__Zone_disable_requestAnimationFrame = true; // disable patch requestAnimationFrame It is, I have a note in the article how it can increase bundle size if you allow it to run for IE9 and 10. * automatically update themselves. Bug Fixes 'noImplicityAny' incompatibility that appeared due to ts3.7 update is fixed import 'core-js/es6/date'; Open your polyfills.ts file and place the following at the top under BROWSER POLYFILLS: If you need a quick win (N… We use optional third-party analytics cookies to understand how you use GitHub.com so we can build better products. IE11 doesn't support CSS Custom Properties such as --primary-color: blue; which meant our theming solution was potentially on the ropes. Thx for reporting the issue. Learn more, Angular 9 es5 build result is not working in IE11 (SCRIPT1046), _angular_core__WEBPACK_IMPORTED_MODULE_1__. Generate components, routes, services and pipes with a simple command. missing features such as multiple Custom Properties in one line among other issues. In IE11 when i click on inspect element my code always works fine . CoreJS is included with Angular install, and can be used for the majority of the polyfills you require. For more information, see our Privacy Statement. If you or any of your dependencies use features from ES6+, you're going to need to polyfill those. This includes Safari >= 10, Chrome >= 55 (including Opera), Edge >= 13 on the desktop, and iOS 10 and Chrome on mobile. * import './zone-flags.ts'; * (window as any).__zone_symbol__BLACK_LISTED_EVENTS = ['scroll', 'mousemove']; // disable patch specified eventNames In this episode, Robert is joined by Ed Charbeneau for a discussion on using Angular with ASP.NET Core. TIL IE11 support in Angular is a huge pain. **/ ), using modern frameworks with it is never an ideal solution, so going back to something more easier would be probably the way to go then. The last release had made everyone hoping for a new paradigm to begin. Standard animation support in Angular DOES NOT require any polyfills (as of Angular 6.0). import 'core-js/es6/weak-map'; * * will put import in the top of bundle, so user need to create a separate file I am getting the below error in IE11. * ng generate. Application imports. I did not consider this for the dependencies. * Learn more in https://angular.io/guide/browser-support import 'core-js/es6/parse-int'; If you use Angular Material or the AnimationBuilder from @angular/platform-browser/animations then find the following line: Uncomment it and run npm install --save web-animations-js. simneol changed the title Angular 9 es5 Build result is not working in IE11 (SCRIPT1046) Angular 9 es5 build result is not working in IE11 (SCRIPT1046) Nov 6, 2019. These are applied before loading ZoneJS and are sorted by browsers. * Zone JS is required by default for Angular itself. The error occured because pathname of 4th argument object was defined twice. * This file includes polyfills needed by Angular and is loaded before the app. Angular 9 Features. Please file a new issue if you are encountering a similar or related problem. It already follows our best practices! * This could potentially limit our choices going forward, which is never ideal. You may well run into further issues. In this Angular 8|9 and Node.js tutorial, we are going to look at how to upload files on the Node server.To create Angular image upload component, we will be using Angular 8|9 front-end framework along with ng2-file-upload NPM package; It’s an easy to use Angular … Knowing the limitations now allows us to move forward keeping these restrictions in mind, but Angular on its own is not to fault, and potentially shouldn't be overlooked just because IE11 has to be supported. To solve CROS related issues in Angular, we will manage proxy configuration settings. Yep. Read more about our automatic conversation locking policy.. google.com/url?sa=i&url=https%3A%2... DEV Community – A constructive and inclusive social network. AndrewKushnir added comp: compiler engine: ivy labels Nov 6, 2019. ngbot bot modified the … For whatever reason you still have to support IE11 (enterprise maybe? * import 'core-js/es7/array'; is not working in Internet. Learn more, We use analytics cookies to understand how you use our websites so we can make them better, e.g. Now that I have it supported; I feel pretty accomplished . I hope this article can save someone some pain in the future! Also I have attached the IE11 Error page. * The flags allowed in zone-flags.ts are listed here. Browser polyfills. DEV Community © 2016 - 2020. I'm sure there might be a Babel Plugin that might do this. // import 'classlist.js'; // Run `npm install --save classlist.js`. my angular code not working in IE11 apart from IE11 in other browsers it is working. * Files imported after ZoneJS that should be loaded before your main How to set up your Angular project to run on IE 11. import 'core-js/es6/function'; 0 for angular 9 in order to use the angular. * A simple yet powerful tree component for Angular2. * Hi, I have used Angular CLI to develop an application. You signed in with another tab or window. import 'core-js/es6/string'; 2. */, /*************************************************************************************************** Nice summation on what is required. import 'core-js/es6/symbol'; // Run `npm install --save web-animations-js`. Features of Angular 10 vs Angular 11 vs Angular 9 vs Angular 8 The component-based architecture resembles MVC but makes components reusable, encapsulates code and makes it more productive. It was still possible to support IE11, fully, despite the polyfills and ponyfills. Target ES5: Pretty straightforward, IE11 only supports ES5 or lower. This issue has been automatically locked due to inactivity. Polyfills - Some of the libraries we work with, or code we write, relies on features from versions of ECMAScript that IE11 doesn't support, therefore we need to provide this functionality to ES5 manually using workarounds. * Web Animations `@angular/platform-browser/animations` We need to say we are supporting IE 11, but if we are not supporting IE 9 or 10, it's equally important to specifically say we aren't supporting them, otherwise the differential loader will include a lot of guff. From what I've experienced though, was that dropping the target to es5 meant that your dependencies have to support es5. I'm still facing the issue. * because those flags need to be set before `zone.js` being loaded, and webpack Some of these will now be discussed in the second half of this article. To give support for IE 11 is huge pain in the ass.. If your angular application is not working in IE11, then the following simple steps can be used to make it work. Angular 9 Polyfills Ie11 get = function get() { pushTarget(this); var value; var vm = th. For some reason, when you open dev tools whilst having ng serve running on IE11 causes conflicts with zone.js; Let's go quickly go through the why's of each step above before we go into some further tips on additional problems that may arise. This error was not occured when optimization(in angular.json) option is enabled or build target(in tsconfig.json) compiler option is es2015 with differential loading. *, The following flags will work for all browsers. * * in this directory (for example: zone-flags.ts), and put the following flags Full Stack JS Developer and JS Enthusiast, /** IE10 and IE11 requires the following for NgClass support on SVG elements */. import 'classlist.js'; //Run npm install --save classlist.js. import 'zone.js/dist/zone'; // Included with Angular CLI. /** IE9, IE10 and IE11 requires all of the following polyfills. You should be good to go! The polyfills.ts file, which is present in every Angular project, is the right place to import all the necessary polyfills. Only required if AnimationBuilder is used within the application and using IE/Edge or Safari. Can the absence of new features or performance improvements mean that we're close to the official release? In this episode I will show how to fix Angular 4 or 5 Application running issues in IE11 . This file includes polyfills needed by Angular and is loaded before the app. Can you message me on Twitter @FerryColum ? Also with Angular 8 there's differential loading which produces polyfill bundles for older browsers alongside smaller bundles for modern browsers (it's very clever!).

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Carl Douglas is a graphic artist and animator of all things drawn, tweened, puppeted, and exploded. You can learn more About Him or enjoy a glimpse at how his brain chooses which 160 character combinations are worth sharing by following him on Twitter.
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