We include products we think are useful for our readers. Flat dark patches of skin are common on the face, scalp, arms, and neck. The most common culprits are non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), tetracyclines, and psychotropic drugs. These changes may appear as rashes or raised bumps that itch or burn. Prescription products tend to have a strength of 3–4 percent. Some women develop eczema for the first time during pregnancy. Recognizing the early symptoms can help prevent diabetes complications. This skin discoloration due to PCOS can occur almost anywhere on the body, though they are more commonly seen in skin folds. Melanin gives the eyes, skin, and hair their color. i have similar dark patches on my body where i have had bad eczema and i was wondering if these would go away too. Dark spots may remain after an insect bite, burn, or cut heals. Here’s our process. Areas of the body that receive the most sun exposure, such as the face, hands, or arms, are most likely to develop sun spots. Port-wine stains, which are flat patches that appear pink or red. Some common types of birthmarks include: Cancer can change the skin’s color or texture. Many contain ingredients that can harm the skin or overall health, such as mercury or steroids. A gray, pale, or bluish tint to the skin can signal health problems that cause a lack of oxygen or blood flow. Applying lemon carefully to your skin can lighten the dark skin on ankles. Researchers published a systematic review of clinical studies that used natural products to treat dark spots on the skin. The first thing you want to consider with dark patches on your skin is what is causing different discoloration orpigmentation. These changes often occur due to increased levels of the female hormones estrogen and progesterone. It is important to talk to a doctor if any dark spot on the skin: Learn about how to identify melanoma and other forms of skin cancer here. It could be a sign of an underlying condition, so it needs to be checked by a GP. When looking for a skin-lightening cream, always choose one recommended by a dermatologist, as some products can be harmful. The color of dark spots may depend on the tone of a person’s skin. Discolored skin patches are irregular areas where there are changes in skin color. Cosmetic skin or hair products can irritate the skin, causing dark patches to form. Certain medications can also make your skin more sensitive to the sun so that it’s more likely to turn red. Skin is the largest organ of human body and skin conditions are among most common issues that make us seek medical help. If your dark skin patches are rough, flaky and shed easily, psoriasis may be to blame. Prescription-lightening cream works by bleaching the skin. Wear a wide-brimmed hat and sunglasses to protect the skin further. Although studies were limited, the researchers said that these natural treatments showed promise in lightening hyperpigmentation. Other causes may be more severe and require ongoing treatment. A dermatologist may recommend one of the following treatments for dark spots on the skin: Different types of lasers are available. Small brown or dark patches on the face, arms, shoulders, and hands. However, for cosmetic reasons, there are several home remedies for treating dark patches, although the effects might take longer than necessary. Dark spots are the patches on your skin that are much darker than surrounding areas of the skin. The Recovery Room: News beyond the pandemic — December 4, How to recognize the symptoms of diabetes, skin conditions, such as acne, eczema, or psoriasis. These may fade with time. This treatment promotes new collagen growth, which may help reduce spots. The main symptom of acanthosis nigricans is patches of skin that are darker and thicker than usual. Fungal infections, such as ringworm, tinea versicolor, and candida can also trigger discolored skin patches on various parts of the body. The damage may cause the cells to grow out of control and form a mass of cancer cells. The color of dark spots may depend on the tone of a person’s skin. We’ll show you. Apart from cystic acne, hirsutism, and skin tags, PCOS can also cause dark skin patches. Sunburn happens when the skin absorbs too much sunlight. Treat skin conditions, such as acne, which may lead to inflammation. There are, however, a few things people can do to decrease the chances of dark spots and prevent them from getting darker: In most cases, dark spots on the skin are not harmful. Red or brown spots of irregular shape that appear at birth or shortly after A Child with Eczema Will Likely Have It for Life, Study Says, How Low Carb and Ketogenic Diets Boost Brain Health, Only occurs in people being treated with radiation, Blistering, dryness, itching, and peeling of the skin, Superficial burn on the outermost layer of skin, More severe, blistering burns may occur after extended periods of sun exposure, Usually occurs in skin folds (armpits, buttocks, under breasts, between fingers and toes), Begins with itching, stinging, and burning red rash with wet appearance and dry crusting at the edges, Progresses to cracked and sore skin with blisters and pustules that may become infected with bacteria, Chronic skin disease that goes through cycles of fading and relapse, Relapses may be triggered by spicy foods, alcoholic beverages, sunlight, stress, and the intestinal bacteria, There are four subtypes of rosacea encompassing a wide variety of symptoms, Common symptoms include facial flushing, raised, red bumps, facial redness, skin dryness, and skin sensitivity, Burn severity is classified by both depth and size, First-degree burns: minor swelling and dry, red, tender skin that turns white when pressure is applied, Second-degree burns: very painful, clear, weeping blisters and skin that appears red or has variable, patchy coloration, Third-degree burns: white or dark brown/tan in color, with leathery appearance and low or no sensitivity to touch, Slow-growing white, tan, brown, pink, or red spots on the skin that may be lighter or darker than your normal skin color, Spots may disappear in cold weather and reappear in the spring and summer, Appears hours to days after contact with an allergen, Rash has visible borders and appears where your skin touched the irritating substance, Blisters that weep, ooze, or become crusty, Red or purplish raised mark commonly located on the face, scalp, back, or chest, Appears at birth or in very young children, Gradually gets smaller or disappears as the child ages, Yellow or white scaly patches that flake off, Affected areas may be red, itchy, greasy, or oily, Hair loss may occur in the area with the rash, Occurs when a blood vessel bursts or leaks under the skin, Bleeding into the skin can appear as small dots, called petechiae, or in larger, flat patches, called purpura, The most common cause of bleeding under the skin is injury, but it may also be caused by more serious illness, Always see a doctor about bleeding into the skin that isn’t related to a known injury, or if bleeding is causing excessive swelling or pain, Loss of pigment in the skin due to autoimmune destruction of the cells that give skin its color, Focal pattern: loss of skin color in only a few small areas that may merge together, Segmental pattern: depigmentation on one side of the body, Premature graying of scalp and/or facial hair, Develop in areas of the body that have poor blood flow, most commonly in the feet and lower legs, Painful, irregularly shaped, shallow wounds with crusting and weeping, Raised, firm, and pale areas that may resemble a scar, Dome-like, pink or red, shiny, and pearly areas that may have a sunk-in center, like a crater, Easy bleeding or oozing wound that doesn’t seem to heal, or heals and then reappears, Typically less than 2 cm, or about the size of a pencil eraser, Appears on parts of the body that receive a lot of sun exposure (hands, arms, face, scalp, and neck), Usually pink in color but can have a brown, tan, or gray base, Often occurs in areas exposed to UV radiation, such as the face, ears, and back of the hands, Scaly, reddish patch of skin progresses to a raised bump that continues to grow, Growth that bleeds easily and doesn’t heal, or heals and then reappears, The most serious form of skin cancer, more common in fair-skinned people, Mole anywhere on the body that has irregularly shaped edges, asymmetrical shape, and multiple colors, Mole that has changed color or gotten bigger over time, Common skin condition that causes dark patches to appear on the face and, rarely, the neck, chest, or arms, More common in pregnant women (chloasma) and individuals with darker skin color and heavy sun exposure, No other symptoms beyond skin discoloration, May go away on its own within a year or may become permanent, Harmless skin condition seen at birth (birthmark), Large, flat, gray or blue patches with irregular edges seen on the back and buttock. A doctor or dermatologist can often work out the cause of dark spots on the skin by examining them and taking a medical history. What Causes Eczema During Pregnancy and How Is It Treated? Outbreaks can occur for weeks or months on end, then cease for a while before ultimately returning. Depending on the cause, people may call some types of dark spots on the skin age spots or sunspots. These creams contain hydroquinone which can help lighten the skin that has dark patches. People who are unsure what a dark spot is or have not been able to get rid of it can see a doctor to find out more. Over-the-counter skin creams to lighten skin are not as strong as prescription medications, but they may also work. The body doesn’t respond to insulin properly and may not produce enough, causing blood sugar levels to become too high. These mole-like spots can be of varying sizes and they may have the appearance of hanging off the skin. Urgent care may be required. Certain medications can increase skin pigmentation and lead to dark spots. To remove dark spots from the face, you should choose the best and safest spot remover cream. Drink tea: Drinking tea made from burdock, red clover, or milk thistle might reduce skin discoloration. By tracking young eczema patients over years, researchers shed light on the longevity of atopic dermatitis. Type 2 diabetes is a condition that causes the body to lose control of the amount of sugar in the blood. Dark spots on the skin can range from light brown to dark brown. Here's why they develop, what to look out for, and how they're treated. The most common laser to treat dark spots on the skin uses an intense pulse light laser. Melasma is a skin condition that occurs most commonly on the face. What is the outlook for someone with discolored skin patches? However, a solid skin care plan coupled with home remedies or medicated products can help. This triggers inflammation throughout the body, resulting in various symptoms, including swelling and redness. Many different conditions can cause discolored skin patches. Applying these can cause pimples, rashes, and fragile skin over time. It can cause dark patches to form on both sides of the face. According to the American Academy of Dermatology, hormones may trigger melasma. Procedures are more expensive than creams and are more likely to cause side effects, though they tend to work faster. Like certain autoimmune diseases, eczema triggers an immune reaction that attacks the skin. [ 1] It is also called chloasma. Possible causes of red skin include burns, infections, and…, Freckles are flat, brown marks that appear on a person’s skin. Some causes for discolored skin patches are fairly minor conditions that need only simple treatment. It typically works gradually and takes several months to decrease the appearance of dark spots. Acanthosis nigricans is the name for dry, dark patches of skin that usually appear in the armpits, neck or groin. For example, hormonal changes during pregnancy that may lead to melasma are not preventable. Home remedies for dark patches and dark spots are safe and they do not cause any side effect. Melasma is a skin condition that leads to small patches of skin discoloration. This patch is much darker than the surrounding skin and takes the shape of a band which includes my temple on each side and my forehead. This form of cure is recommended after a severe or large part is affected. Healthline Media does not provide medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Learn why this happens and how to safely manage the condition. These creams are applied twice a day and should be covered by sunscreen during the day. Diabetes: Uncontrolled blood sugar levels can affect skin … If you're noticing white spots on your face, here's what may be causing…. Pale brown, brown, or dark spots and patches on the face. The skin discoloration may be resolved with medical treatments or home remedies, or a combination of treatments. Products with certain natural ingredients may help treat dark spots on the skin. Treating dark spots, especially if you have a darker skin tone, requires patience and time — as well as ample sun protection. The spots are the same texture as the skin and are not painful. A dermatologist can offer creams or procedures to lighten dark spots, or in some cases, remove them. Applying lemon juice on dark ankles twice a week will gradually bring whiten the skin. The light targets melanin and breaks up the dark spots. According to statistics, the most common skin conditions like acne, affect 80 percent of the world’s population people at some point in their lives. The condition can cause scaly patches and red bumps that ooze or crust over. Age (50+), sun exposure, and pale skin. © 2005-2020 Healthline Media a Red Ventures Company. Patches of discolored skin are common and have many different causes, including birthmarks, pigmentation disorders, rashes, and infections. This friction causes dark skin patches on your inner thighs. Last medically reviewed on March 29, 2019, Type 1 and type 2 diabetes can cause many of the same symptoms. The best treatment option may depend on the cause, the size of the dark spot, and the area of the body. Sun exposure and genetics can cause freckles. In this article, we look at what causes dark spots on the skin and how people can remove them using dermatological treatments and home remedies. Shampooing. They are a common problem with a wide array of potential causes. The change that can be seen on the skin is an indication that skin cells around the affected area are producing more melanin than it is required. i started to notice this condition a few months after i got eczema on my temples and forehead. you have any lasting changes in your skin color, you notice a new mole or growth on your skin, an existing mole or growth has changed in size or appearance, when you first noticed the change in skin color, whether the discoloration happened slowly or quickly, whether the discoloration is changing or getting worse, any other symptoms you may be experiencing along with discolored skin, blood tests to check for conditions that may cause changes in skin color. Inflammation may occur for various reasons that include eczema, psoriasis, injury to the skin, and acne. This can be harmful. Most of the dark patches and spots on the skin may be eliminated or lightened easily to restore glowing and flawless skin complexion. You should also tell your healthcare provider if you’re pregnant or taking any hormone treatments. Make sure to discuss the side effects, cost, and effectiveness of each treatment. Birthmarks are discolored skin spots that can develop at birth or after birth. Results of a small-scale 2017 study suggest that applying an aloe vera gel to the skin could help reduce melasma during pregnancy after 5 weeks. Once treated, it can take several weeks for your rashes to…, Different types of eczema that can be triggered by different things such as allergens, irritants, emotional stress, extreme temperatures, and more…. Although cosmetics do not lighten dark spots, they might cover them up. Mild sunburn can be treated at home, for example by applying moisturizer. Melanocytes are cells that produce melanin pigment that gives the skin its color. Pigmentation Changes in Dark Skin In hyperpigmentation, the skin either produces too much pigment or the pigment is deposited deep within the skin, resulting in dark spots. They will also ask you a series of questions about your skin changes. If blood sugar levels aren’t controlled properly and stay… Dried skin of red onions is effective in reducing skin pigmentation and dark patches. Dark spots on the skin can range from light brown to dark brown. All rights reserved. Your healthcare provider will perform a physical examination and inspect your discolored skin patches. Birthmarks. Avoid the sun between 10 a.m. and 4 p.m. when it tends to be strongest. If your healthcare provider suspects that an underlying condition is causing your discolored skin patches, they will order certain diagnostic tests to pinpoint the cause. Any medical information published on this website is not intended as a substitute for informed medical advice and you should not take any action before consulting with a healthcare professional, American Society for Dermatological Surgery, Brain regions found where serotonin boosts patience, impulse control, Ability to lose weight is not affected by age, 'Clear, balanced information' important for vaccine uptake. Most moles aren’t cause for concern. Here is a list of 18 possible causes. Dark spots are common in the following areas: In people with darker skin, a spot that is a few shades darker than the skin usually fades away within 6 to 12 months. In some cases, dark patches or discolouration of the skin in the neck could be a sign of diabetes or a fungal infection, which needs to be treated. A chemical peel involves applying a solution to the skin, which exfoliates the surface, leading to new skin growth. Vitamin C: Eat foods rich in vitamin C, an essential nutrient for skin health. Examples include lemon and apple cider vinegar. There are many potential causes of discolored skin patches, ranging from minor problems to more serious medical conditions. No studies back the claims that these treatments work. Patches of dark skin can form on the neck or armpits. Dark spots on the skin are not a cause for concern and do not need treatment, though people may choose to remove them for cosmetic reasons. These dark, brown, velvety skin patches are medically known as Acanthosis Nigricans. Cuts and scrapes may become infected when bacteria enter the wound, resulting in a skin infection. What’s Causing White Spots on My Face and How Can I Treat Them? They looked at several ingredients including niacinamide (a form of vitamin B-3), soy, licorice extracts, and mulberry. In addition to dermatological procedures and prescription medications, people may find that some home remedies might fade dark spots on the skin, as the following sections discuss. The skin often heals lighter afterward. Problem is now it's increasing..Wht shld I do? The most notable sign of acanthosis nigricans is dark patches of skin with a thick, velvety texture. Acanthosis nigricans is a fairly common skin pigmentation disorder. Dark patches on the skin make up for another common skin condition that can appear at any age. It may gradually fade dark spots on the skin. Read full article on squamous cell carcinoma. If the problem is, for example, dietary or an allergic reaction, you can monitor what is causing the problems and easily correct them. Those suffering from psoriasis may experience thickening of the fingernails and joint stiffness. Learn more…. Hormonal changes, especially during pregnancy, can trigger changes in skin color. In some cases one may experience pale skin. There are several types of skin cancer, all requiring treatment: Most discolored skin patches aren’t caused by skin cancer. Moles, which are brown or black spots that can appear on the skin at birth. If a person wants to get rid of dark spots, they can try a range of treatments, including working with a dermatologist for cosmetic procedures or using over-the-counter products. READ Dry patches on face: 18 Causes, Symptoms and Remedies Topical creams: Topical hydroquinone or prescription retinol (vitamin A) cream may help decrease the appearance of dark skin patches. Hydroquinone. MNT is the registered trade mark of Healthline Media. There are several different causes of dark spots, as we describe here: Also called sunspots, solar lentigines, or liver spots, people can develop dark spots on their skin after being exposed to the sun or tanning beds. Melanin is the substance that provides color to the skin and protects it from the sun. "Itchy, scaly, dark patches of skin on both lower legs since a kid. Black skin spots could be raised itchy dark bumps that are painless. Melasma, also known as the “mask of pregnancy,” is one skin condition that can develop due to these hormonal changes. Dark spots on the skin, or hyperpigmentation, can have a range of causes. For example, the American Society for Dermatological Surgery do not recommend lemon juice or abrasive scrubs, as these methods could make dark spots worse. Various infections can cause localized changes in skin color. A mixture of lime and tomato juice in equal amounts can be rubbed on the affected. Lemon juice: Apply lemon juice twice per day to lighten skin areas that have darkened. It may take a while to see a difference, but treatment often lightens the spots. Dark spots on the skin may not completely fade. It can also indicate late-stage…, For most people, eczema is a lifelong condition that consists of occasional flare-ups. This disorder is chronic and may be accompanied by arthritis. People with light-colored skin and eyes…, © 2004-2020 Healthline Media UK Ltd, Brighton, UK, a Red Ventures Company. This mixture should … Signs and symptoms of dark spots on the skin include the following: Dark raised spots like bumps on the skin Skin cancer may occur when the genetic material in skin cells becomes damaged, often from long-term sun damage or exposure to chemicals. This darkening happens when excess melanin “the brown pigment which produces the normal skin color” usually forms deposits in the skin. If you buy through links on this page, we may earn a small commission. If your healthcare provider finds an underlying health condition, they will attempt to treat that particular condition first. Dark patches on the skin can be described as the presence of numerous dark spots appearing over a specific area of the skin than the surrounding area. These dark patches often go away naturally when applied with sunscreen lotions and avoiding sun exposure. Anyone can develop dark spots on the skin. Debra Sullivan, Ph.D., MSN, R.N., CNE, COI. Fruits high in vitamin C include cantaloupe, oranges, and pineapple. This may reduce the appearance of discolored skin patches in six to eight weeks. The most commonly affected skin is on the neck, armpits and groin, but it may affect lower calf skin and other areas of the body. Some of the more common causes for changes in skin color are illness, injury, and inflammatory problems. Whatever the reasons are, you should take proper initiative to remove spots from the face as early as possible. Dark spots on the skin do not require treatment, but some people may want to remove the spots for cosmetic reasons. How to use it: Massage a few drops daily onto cleansed skin, preferably before applying sunscreen in the a.m. 2. Acanthosis nigricans is a fairly common skin pigmentation disorder, usually notable for dark patches of skin with a thick, velvety texture. Dark patches on skin Hyper-pigmentation is a common, harmless condition where the patches of skin can become darker in color than normal surrounding skin. In some cases, unproven treatments may aggravate the skin. All you should do is wash and dry your feet and apply some freshly squeezed lemon juice on the affected area. Certain risk factors appear to increase a person’s chances including: It may not always be possible to prevent dark spots on the skin from developing. These factors may play a role in your skin changes. Other conditions and medical treatments that can cause discolored patches on the skin include: You should schedule an appointment with your healthcare provider if: If you’re concerned about your discolored skin patches and don’t already have a dermatologist, you can view doctors in your area through the Healthline FindCare tool.