As designed, funding is allocated to priority areas in proportion to the relative importance of informing climate change adaptation decision-making. Therefore, most aquatic plants do not need adaptations for absorbing, transporting, and conserving water. The plants which grow, derive food, multiply and adjust themselves inside water are called aquatic plants. The 2019-22 Federal Sustainable Development Strategy and Pan-Canadian Framework outline DFO commitments for supporting adaptation in particularly vulnerable coastal and northern regions. In addition there are other adaptations related to extreme environments such as special sweat glands, more effective kidney structures, hibernation and estivation (also related to food availability) 5. As an A-Base funded program, the ACCASP is subject to variable reductions that take place after the initial annual budget has been allocated (e.g., financial support for corporate initiatives to enhance infrastructure and financial pressures at the sector/regional level). Adaptations can include such traits as narrow leaves, waxy surfaces, sharp spines and specialized root systems. The evaluation used multiple lines of evidence, both qualitative and quantitative, which were triangulated to mitigate potential limitations. This included links to the main ACCASP website and links to several online tools. 6.3 Evidence of mitigation strategies/response being put in place to address challenges/risks. Acting to reduce the impacts of a changing climate on people and wildlife is at the heart of everything we do. In 2019-20, the planned percent distribution was: 22% salary; 15% internal services, and 63% O&M; and the O&M funds were distributed by the three priorities as follows: 35% Ocean Chemistry (OC); 44% Vulnerability and 21% Monitoring. This will further drive science needs as, for example, areas that were previously inaccessible become more accessible. DFO does not have a dedicated group to coordinate climate change efforts for the department. Input to the Convention on Biodiversity - an international legally-binding treaty for the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity. However, the current mandate and resources of the ACCASP are insufficient to fulfill this expanding role and focus on ACCASP-specific activities. DFO’s main, formal process for obtaining science advice to inform policy and decision-making for all departmental priorities is the Canadian Science Advisory Secretariat (CSAS). Head is blunt and tail is long. Internal reporting practices could be improved to ensure that information on the progress of funded research projects is readily available to the NCR team. ADVERTISEMENTS: Depending on the degree for aquatic adaptation the aquatic mammals have been divided into the following categories: 1. Fins and gills are the locomotors and respiratory organs respectively. Mid-century changes in the mean and extreme climate in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and implications for water harvesting and climate adaptation . Adaptation to Permanently Cold Environments More than 70% of the earth exists as cold ecosystems that have a stable temperature below or close to the freezing point of water. Content related to aquatic climate change adaptation information and tools is nevertheless hard to find and not easily navigable for users. Operations and maintenance (O&M) funding includes research and monitoring, as well as professional services, scientific materials, ship time, etc. Late-career researcher - a researcher whose career spans more than 15 years since the completion date/award of doctoral or other research postgraduate qualifications. Sub-Aquatic Adaptation; Undersea Adaptation; Underwater Adaptation; Water Adaptation; Capabilities. Finding: ACCASP applicants perceived some barriers related to career status but none related to gender, age, or official language based on an analysis of the 2018-19 competitive funding cycle against various identity factors. 2010 Fall Report of the Commissioner of the Environment and Sustainable Development, 1.2 Links to previous evaluations and audits, 5.1 The ACCASP responds to Federal Government and DFO needs to some extent, 5.2 Resources are allocated to the three priority areas as designed, 5.3 Knowledge gaps remain within and beyond ACCASP priority areas, 5.6 ACCASP information and tools are used by DFO and external organizations, 5.7 ACCASP information and tools are accessible in various ways, 5.8 ACCASP information is being used, however, it remains underutilized, 5.9 Opportunities to increase the value added of ACCASP research, 5.11 Internal capacity of the ACCASP is limited, 5.12 ACCASP contributions exceed program responsibilities, Appendix C: Performance measurement under the horizontal management framework for clean growth and climate change, Appendix D: Broader climate change context, Small Craft Harbours Coastal Infrastructure Vulnerability Index (CIVI) Pilot Project 2018, Canadian Extreme Weather Water Level Adaptation Tool (CAN-EWLAT), Fish Stock Climate Vulnerability Assessment for Species Supporting Capture Fisheries project, Certain geographical and coastal areas lack the, Ocean chemistry parameters may be supplemented with factors related to nutrients and heavy metals. Departmental demands and requirements are increasing and expected to continue to do so in response to the climate change activities that are taking place at national and international levels. Finding: The ACCASP produces relevant science information and tools. Furthermore, the O&M funds were distributed by the three priorities as follows: 33% Ocean Chemistry (OC); 46% Vulnerability and 21% Monitoring. The figure presents the number of funded projects by year and priority area, from 2016-17 to 2019-20. Researchers receive ad-hoc requests from potential users based on existing personal working relationships. Nematodes are a highly diverse group of organisms that show a variety of adaptations to extremes in soil and plant environments. The next section deals with overwintering in both aquatic and terrestrial environments, and discusses the particular stresses of hypoxia and low temperature. The animals which grow, multiply and adjust themselves inside water are called aquatic animals. Early-career researcher - a researcher whose career spans less than five years since the completion date/award of doctoral or other research postgraduate qualifications. The ACCASP also provides science advice to the EOS sector through the. If a seal runs out of O2, it then converts glucose to lactic acid through a process called glycosis. The ACCASP responds to needs for aquatic climate change science information and tools. (E.g. Competitive funding processes involve an open call to all eligible scientists in the EOS sector. To what extent is the research funded by the ACCASP available to users? The departmental risks related to climate change. They are on the front lines of adaptation to extreme storms that cause soil erosion, flooding, and nutrient loss from farms, roads, and other land uses. ACCASP information is available to support decision-making at departmental, federal and international levels. aquatic habitats deeper than 2000 meters and enclosed habitats under pressure. The ACCASP contributes to the objectives and activities of DFO and the Government of Canada’s Pan-Canadian Framework for Clean Growth and Climate Change (PCF) by supporting the aquatic climate change research, communication and collaboration that lead to data acquisition and adaptation knowledge creation. DFO was one of the only five federal departments recognized for this effort in the 2017 CESD Report on Climate Change. However, under the current design, the ACCASP does not engage with current and potential users which results in low visibility for the program. Amphibious Mammals: These mammals do not live … ACCASP priorities and resources were determined based on assessments of DFO climate-change risks as of 2016, as well as the state of technology and scientific knowledge at that time. Data management practices are also required at the national level. ACCASP researchers on the East coast benefit from potential opportunities to collaborate based on research synergies (for example, focal species of interest). The Adaptation Platform promotes ACCASP research and tools such as CAN-EWLAT to help Canadians, non-governmental organizations, as well as provincial, territorial and municipal governments adapt to climate-change impacts. However, the following challenges impede broader communication of ACCASP research. Increased networking activities could facilitate opportunities to integrate research efforts between regions and research themes. Coordination within the department would be needed. To what extent is the research funded by the ACCASP being used? For Vulnerability: 89% of responses are âvery importantâ; 6% - âimportantâ, and 5% - âdo not knowâ. In the past several years, the ACCASP has been addressing many requests for climate change adaptation action within the department. There’s plenty of it and it’s all around. Adaptations can include such traits as narrow leaves, waxy surfaces, sharp spines and specialized root systems. Six (6) FTEs, one in each region, conduct regional research activities and participate in national ACCASP working groups. Capacity for real time high-resolution projections for major port areas and coastal communities, including the Arctic, may be developed alongside. 23 scoping and key informant interviews were conducted with ACCASP scientists, ACCASP program managers, DFO senior management, as well as internal and external end-users of ACCASP data and information. Financial data from DFO’s Chief Financial Officer Sector was used to assess the extent to which the program received funding to deliver on its objectives. Several factors likely contributed to that: Finding: The ACCASP’s three priority areas remain relevant, however knowledge gaps exist both within and beyond the areas. The following are the adaptational characteristics of aquatic animals: The body of aquatic animals is streamlined i.e. Fish are poikilothermic organisms, or in simpler terms, cold-blooded animals, which means that the lower the temperature of their surroundings is, the harder it is for them to maintain their metabolic functions. 3.3 Webometrics analysis of publications to which ACCASP contributed. 6.5 Evidence of gaps of non-financial resources and their impact on the ACCASP’s ability to achieve its objectives. Date modified: 1.00. Four smaller pie-charts represent the actual % distribution of research funds by year and priority area, as follows: 2016-17: OC 37%; V 38%; M 25%; 2017-18: OC 25%; V 58%; M 17%; 2018-19: OC 30%; V 38%; M 32%; 2019-20: OC 28%; V 38%; M 34%; The distribution of FTEs by priority area is: 2 for OC; 4 for V and 2 for M. 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