With full height of twenty-five to thirty feet tall, they are an excellent choices for residential and commercial landscapes. You have successfully removed your county preference. It has numerous trunks and vast pink to purple sprouts that rise in the late-winter. The large, thick, and glossy evergreen leaves cast heavy, cool shade below, making it a perfect tree to rest under on a hot summer day. Southern magnolia is most often grown as a single-trunk tree, but it can also be grown in a multi-trunk form. It is hardy to 5 degrees. The native tree can reach a height of 60 to 80 feet at maturity, with a 30- to 50-feet-wide spread, although some cultivars are more erect and compact. The leaves are simple and broadly ovate, 12–20 cm (4 3⁄4 – 7 3⁄4 in) long and 6–12 cm (2 1⁄4 – 4 3⁄4 in) broad, with smooth margins. It produces long, bright green and glossy leaves and beautiful white, fragrant flowers. Jane Magnolia Pro Tip Magnolia grandiflora L.. Common name. It?s best to plant it in an ornamental bed along with other plants where the leaf litter can serve as a mulch. This magnolia has a medium growth-rate, reaching about 50 feet tall with a 20 feet spread. This tree grows at a slow to medium rate, with height increases of anywhere from less than 12" to 24" per year. Some call it the Jones Magnolia because two unrelated boys were born to Jones families the same year the tree was planted. UGA Extension is not responsible for any damages, costs, liability, or risk associated with any use, functionality, and/or content of the website translations. Erect or Spreading and requires ample growing space. It can withstand some flooding and has moderate drought tolerance. If possible, dig the planting hole at least two times wider than and as deep as the root ball. The Texas Tree Selector helps you find a tree that will grow in your county. Another historic specimen grows on the White House grounds. They are lustrous green above and fuzzy, rusty brown below. Tree Characteristics. However, some well established trees have been known to reach 80 ft. in height. Senator. Flowers Showy. Since the tree sheds old leaves each spring and seed pods in late summer, it can be messy when planted in a lawn area. Yields fruit that is 3–8" long, attracting birds. The southern magnolia can be expected to grow in Hardiness Zones 6–10. It grows at a slow rate to a height of perhaps 30 to 35 feet with an 8 to 12-foot spread and flowers at two or three years old. We translate science of everyday living for farmers, families and communities to foster a healthy Container-grown Southern magnolias can be planted successfully any time of year. Considered a small magnolia tree, it is deciduous and compact, growing only to about 15 feet tall (many consider it to be a shrub). provided by southern magnolia were due to energy savings. The name magnolia honors a French botanist, Pierre Magnol, who admired the tree so much that he transplanted it to Europe 300 years ago. However, the tree looks best when allowed to grow in a more open, natural form with branching all the way to the ground. Ornamental Features: The flowers are small (2- to 3-inches in diameter), creamy white and lemon-scented. An upright, pyramidal tree growing 40 feet tall and 30 feet wide. A good choice for screening. It is surprising to see a Magnolia flower when it is only three or four feet tall. Magnolias are entwined with the history of the south. One of the smallest of the magnolias, reaching 30 feet tall and 15 feet wide. Some nurseries also sell seedling trees; however, seedling trees may take 10 years or more to flower. In autumn you will enjoy even more color as the green leaves brighten to yellow and then copper as the weather cools. Flowers are 10 to 14 inches in diameter. By the fourth year, the tree should have a well-established root system and should be able to forage for nutrients on its own. Magnolias usually average about 0.2 inches of diameter growth per year. Field Crop, Forage & Turfgrass Production, Master Gardener Extension Volunteer Program, Coronavirus (COVID-19) information, resources, and updates for Georgia communities, UGA College of Agricultural & Environmental Sciences, UGA College of Family & Consumer Sciences. Magnolia Tree Bloom Period Sunlight Requirements Magnolia Tree Growth Rate USDA Zone Special Features; Alexandrina. Magnolia roots have been shown to grow more than three times further than the canopy width of the tree, so they can obtain nutrients applied to nearby plants and turfgrass. A row of Southern magnolias provides an excellent screen or hedge to block undesirable views or to define property lines. It reaches 50+ feet tall at maturity. For information or the status on programs, contact your local Extension office by email or phone. This is a magnificent tree of the South. Public Service Associate and State Master Gardener Coordinator; Area: Consumer Ornamentals, Users agree that automated translations may not effectively convert the intended design, meaning, and/or context of the website, may not translate images or PDF content, and may not take into account regional language differences. According to Famous and Historic Trees by Charles E. Randall and Henry Clepper, this tree was planted near an important road junction in 1839 by Gen. Grandison D. Royston. The dwarf tree's shrublike growth and slow growth rate make it ideal as a container specimen on a patio or deck. The Jane Magnolia tree is an exceptional excellent tree. Ideal for small spaces and screening. However, in the same study, magnolia provided much less benefit in terms of carbon dioxide (CO 2) reductions due mainly to its relative slower growth rate and smaller tree size. This species of magnolia tree puts a wonderful turn on great assortments.. Southern magnolia (Magnolia grandiflora) is a magnificent tree cultivated for its glossy green leaves and lovely white blossoms.Remarkably flexible for an outstanding ornamental, southern magnolia thrives not only in the South, but also in the Pacific Northwest. All types of this stunner will flower in the early spring before leaf buds open for a striking bloom-on-bare-branch display. This large, stately, native North American evergreen tree with its large, beautiful, saucer-shaped, fragrant flowers is almost a Southern landscape tradition. Special features: North American Native Selection , Tolerates Road Salt , … D.D. However, form and growth rate on seedlings is incredibly variable. Southern Magnolia Trees generally grow up to a height of anywhere from 35 ft. up to 50 ft. Japanese magnolias are best suited for Zones 4-9. The loose and open growth habit becomes more dense with age. Type of foliage: Evergreen Form: Tree with single trunk, pyramidal to oval, irregular canopy symmetry Texture: Coarse Height: 18-25 m (60-80 ft). Needs protection from winter sun and winds in northern areas. Some types will only have a spread of 10 to 20ft. Horticulture. May be better placed in landscaping rather than along a street due to the leathery leaves and large seed pods that are shed in the fall. Southern magnolia, Magnolia grandiflora, is an aristocratic tree. resources. The Southern magnolia is a large tree that benefits from warm weather. Some are de… It typically has a single stem (or trunk) and a pyramidal shape. Southern magnolias grow from 1 to 2 feet a year, reaching 60 to 80 feet tall with canopies spreading 30 to 50 feet wide. Southern Magnolia, Bull bay . It?s best to plant it in an ornamental bed along with other plants where the leaf litter can serve as a mulch. This cultivar of Southern Magnolia has a compact, upright growth habit more typical of a multistemmed shrub than a single-trunked tree. like workshops, classes, consultation, certifications, camps, and educator Finally, apply 3 to 5 inches of mulch on the soil surface to conserve moisture and to prevent weeds. Reaches 40 feet tall and 15 feet wide. It's a … Dirr, Michael A. Southern magnolia is most frequently grown as a single specimen tree in the landscape. The tree reaches 30 to 50 feet tall and 30 feet wide, so it needs room to spread. Gary L. Wade, Extension HorticulturistDepartment of Horticulture. It's one of the largest magnolia species and grows up to 80 feet. Extravagantly large plant with large leaves and large, profuse flowers up to 12 inches in diameter. It is one of the most widely grown cultivars, reaching 50 feet tall and 40 feet wide. They bloom in May and June; some bloom through September. The leaves are dark green with a silver underside. 1998. Growth rate is generally moderate, some grow slower or faster than others. Southern Magnolia are light feeders, however will benefit from fertilization. The tree completely defoliated and died back on the 3 main branches by 1.5'-2'. A selection from Bold Springs Nursery in Monroe, Ga., with lustrous, wavy, dark green leaves and a tight, dense form growing 30 feet tall and 12 feet wide. Growth slows when the tree has aged to about 50 years old. In the Coastal Plain the southern magnolia can store 17,800 lb/tree per year (USFS, 2014). Magnolia grandiflora is a broadleaf evergreen tree that is noted for its attractive dark green leaves and its large, extremely fragrant flowers. The magnolia is a medium-sized tree, meaning that its full height ranges from 35 to 60 feet and its spread can reach about 15 feet around. Very attractive, large, white, fragrant blooms. Since the tree sheds old leaves each spring and seed pods in late summer, it can be messy when planted in a lawn area. A row of Southern magnolias provides an excellent screen or hedge to block undesirable views … Features leathery leaves 5–10" in length, lustrous dark green on top with a soft, rusty underside. Tight columnar form with lustrous, dark green upper leaf surface with dark brown undersides. It grows at a slow rate to a height of perhaps 30 to 35 feet with an 8 to 12-foot spread and flowers at two or three years old. Despite its name, the Southern Magnolia isn’t just a southern tree…in fact, it can thrive up north. This tree grows at a slow to medium rate, with height increases of anywhere from less than 12" to 24" per year. 1). The tight pyramidal form reaches 30 feet tall and 15 feet wide with narrow, lustrous dark green leaves. Its coarse-textured leaves provide an excellent background for shrubs, particularly needle evergreens. Tree spread is usually between 20 and 40 ft. Many new cultivars flower at an earlier age and have a tighter, denser canopy or smaller growth habit than the seedling forms. Small, dark green leaves are bronze-brown beneath. It was transplanted by President Andrew Jackson from his home in Nashville, Tennessee, in memory of his beloved wife Rachel. Rounded or Spreading Shape. Protect from winter winds and sun in northern areas. It can also be grown as an espalier against a wall, but be prepared to provide extra care to train and maintain the tree in the desired shape. For more information, visit the Language Translation page. Tree is recovering and leafing out … Has Evergreen foliage. The Southern magnolia grows at a rate known as moderately fast in the gardening world; in normal growing conditions, it will average a full foot of growth in height every year. Circular (zones 6-10). The other, James K. Jones, became a U.S. A million members, donors, and partners support our programs to make our world greener and healthier. Stipes Publishing Co. Magnolia x soulangiana ‘Alexandrina’ 20-25 ft. 20-25 ft. Purple-Pink: Deciduous: Mid to Late Spring-Summer: Full Sun: Moderate With the same wonderful attributes of the hardy Southern Magnolia Tree in a smaller, more manageable package, the Little Gem Magnolia Tree is ideal for landscapes that can't accommodate the 40-foot width of a typical magnolia. Contact your local UGA Extension office to find out how our team of county agents can assist you. Plant in a rich soil, high in organic matter with a slightly acid pH of between 6.0 and 6.5. The tree reaches 50 feet tall with a spread of 20 feet. Little Gem Growth Rate. The fruit of the southern magnolia is eaten by squirrels, rabbits and birds—including wild turkey. Balled and burlapped trees are usually transplanted from August to October. The southern magnolia grows in acidic, loamy, moist, sandy, well-drained and clay soils. Grows to 60' to 80', 40' spread. Planting several of the trees forms a dense hedge. While the pecan trees were left to the fields for production and harvest, the southern magnolia—also called the evergreen magnolia—was typically found growing along driveways and near houses. Be certain the top of the root ball is level with the soil surface, then backfill with the native soil after breaking apart clods and removing stones or other debris. The Magnolia Tree for the North and the South Why Southern Magnolia Trees? Water thoroughly to settle the soil. With glossy evergreen foliage and large white fragrant blossoms, it truly is one of the most handsome and durable native trees for our Southern landscapes. Perhaps the one reaching back the farthest into time is a southern magnolia that still grows in what today is Washington State Park in Washington, Arkansas. The tree flowers at a young age. During the first growing season after establishment, apply ½ pound (1 cup) of 8-8-8 or 10-10-10 fertilizer along the perimeter of the planting hole in March, May and July. Wildlife: Leaves are shiny green, reddish underneath. Height: 60 - 80 feet. It prefers moist, well-drained, acidic soils. For more than a century, we've provided research and education through a Once established, growth can be accelerated with light, frequent applications of fertilizer during the first three growing seasons. The Arbor Day Foundation is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit conservation and education organization. A 2000 Georgia Gold Medal Winner. Manual of Woody Landscape Plants. One of the most popular cultivars in the trade, prized for lustrous green leaves with a fuzzy, rusty texture on their undersides. Growth Rate: 24 Inches per Year. In formal landscapes, the tree is sometimes sheared once or twice a season to encourage branching and to maintain a tight, compact form. Both laid claim to being the namesake of the tree and James finally resolved the good-natured debate by purchasing the land the tree stood on and making his home there for over 30 years. The Magnolia Tree for Smaller Spaces Why Little Gem Magnolia Trees? Find out what Extension has for you! It is tolerant of high moisture levels and can be planted in areas prone to wet/dry fluctuations in soil moisture. The sweetbay magnolia (Magnolia virginiana) is a flowering tree or shrub that can be either evergreen or deciduous depending on the USDA Zone where it is grown. It tends to be self-branching and forms a dense canopy. Growth rate: Medium. Leaves Elliptic to Broadly Ovate, Dark Green, No Change, Evergreen. Both became Colonels in the Confederate army and one, Daniel W. Jones, eventually became Governor of Arkansas. SOUTHERN MAGNOLIA, BULL BAY. A naturally small tree or large shrub perfect for small gardens. 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