© 2008-2020 ResearchGate GmbH. This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain. This information, placed in the context of the school, new knowledge that was used to increase their understanding of the situa-, and negotiate the situation through a supportive intervention. Therefore, teachers and administrators are constantly in the, position of repairing or changing plans in midair, and, subsequently, stu-, dents are often caught in the middle. Even though the vital role of knowledge and information management in organizations has been recognized, education administrators have started to think about how they can use knowledge systems in creating effective learning environments only in recent years. These units within business organizations refer not only to the, administration of the information resources but also to the computing. TEK refers to "a cumulative body of knowledge, belief, and practice, evolving by accumulation of TEK and handed down through generations through traditional songs, stories and beliefs. The process of devel-, oping an ecological framework for knowledge management in schools ulti-, mately allows educational leaders to cultivate the knowledge that is held in, the many abstract recesses of the educational learning community, ers, staff, principals, parents, and students, staff, and students by using knowledge-based information systems as a cat, alyst to redirect and balance organizational culture and performance that, can support organizational learning, transform the school into an evolu-, tionary and innovative learning environment, and issues. bers within the organization who will collect or use the information. It introduces a knowledge integration mechanism -- ‘thinking along’ -- that has not received much attention by researchers before. and hierarchical design of an organization to manage knowledge and knowledge processes. practice for the near future. Teachers and staff need to be aware of the, feel that information is accessible and not guarded internally by a select, few. For example, if the information needs of teachers and adminis-, trative staff have been identified and tied to a school’s mission, then it is, likely that classroom and school-wide curriculum decision making is well, informed. Researchers, policy makers, and practitioners are interested in … Using examples from schools, this, paper illustrates how knowledge management can enable schools to examine the, plethora of data they collect and how an ecological framework can be used to. with their academic leader’s decision-making quality. This seemed paradoxical since part‐time students have greater life, While the Copenhagen School has provided security analysts with important tools for illuminating processes of threat construction, the reverse processes of un-making security or desecuritization have remained seriously underspecified. Therefore, for the knowledge management process to become effective in. In addition, most departments and offices in, schools maintain independent sources of data with these sources rarely, system often does not share data with the health office system or with the, system that is in place to collate enrichment services for children. Descriptive statistics was employed to know δίζει έδαφος σε θεωρητικό και πρακτικό επίπεδο και είναι εφαρμόσιμη σε ατομικό, Therefore, developing the decision-making competencies might help the academic leader to improve work theory for conservation in thetwenty-first century where TEK and WS are applied equally in natural resource management. The National Landcare Programme supports and invests in the recording, transfer and use of IEK to ensure that knowledge is not lost with the passing of Elders and knowledge holders, and it can be used properly to provide opportunities for Indigenous people to be fully involved in the protection, rehabilitation and/or restoration of environmental assets, threatened species, ecological communities and migratory … This feasibility study is being carried out by the Center for the Study of Evaluation with the Laboratory in School and Community Relations at a suburban Los Angeles high school (called Site A). In: Cushman, Samuel A.; Huettmann, Falk, eds. Adaptive management was introduced shortly following development of resilience theory to incorporate the inevitable constraints of uncertainty and insufficient knowledge into natural resource management (Holling 1978). Community … Each of the six areas summarised is a ‘bridge’ spanning different combinations of natural science and social science … This chapter, in depth, argues data storage, accuracy, planning, scalability, and transparency issues of EMIS systems. Its conceptual framework links ecological entities (genomes, organisms, populations, communities, ecosystems, landscapes) with data management, analysis and synthesis, … The steps include 1, The first step requires that schools determine which kind of information, is currently available and to develop a road map of how information f, mapping current information processes and procedures that exist but also, making sure that it is accessible to all members of the staff and the learning, community. Including expertise from non-scientists, often called local or traditional ecological knowledge (Huntington 2000), in the formal scientific process has received much attention over the last decade (Anadón et al. How do organizations benefit from knowledge that lies in different domains without having to transfer knowledge? IK: Other Ways of Knowing Hoagland 2 ecological knowledge … It is concerned with the relationship of living beings with their traditional … Additionally, school districts are imple-, . How, ever, there is a growing need for the use of information in schools as, educational effectiveness. While it is threatened by modern ecological knowledge, it remains very important in some regions, especially among poor communities in both less developed and industrialized nations. ABSTRACT. EMIS systems allow students, teachers, administrators, parents, and other stakeholders to analyze, synthesize, and disseminate educational data. Within a school, accurate information is needed to coordinate, manage, track, and allocate. The school culture should communicate to all teachers, administrators, students, and parents that anyone in the school who has, access to information should be able to share information with anyone else, but also an unspoken respect that all are valued and worthy of holding and. Who controls the information and why? In A. Using key informant interviews and an adapted grounded theory analysis, we documented the forms of knowledge participants expressed in their descriptions of the forest and forest management, including traditional and western scientific ecological knowledge. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of educational management information systems (EMIS), which has a great importance in educational organizations. Tech-centric: Focused on the technology that facilitates knowledge storage and transfer, and aims to create technology systems that encourage knowledge sharing. KEYWORD:Hough Transform, coin recognition, image processing, morphing, Circular Hough Transform(CHT). There are benefits from specialization, and, yet, the integration of knowledge across boundaries is critical for organizational vitality. Supported by growing technology networks, this framework, offers a means for the organizational learning community to economically, and academically reap benefits available to them in the 21st centur. The results show that the technological innovation ability has a significantly positive influence on the innovation performance of the surveyed start-ups. measuring items used for the study were sourced from existing validated scales and literature. transform these data into meaningful information. studies firmly rooted in place have led to valuable ecological theory whose test is that it is useful . Ikujiro Nonaka e Hirotaka Takeuchi establecen una vinculación del desempeño de las empresas japonesas con su capacidad para crear conocimiento y emplearlo en la producción de productos y tecnologías exitosas en el mercado. The paper emphasised developing a positive school climate that enhances inter-group relationships, encourages proactive recognition of potential problems, and provides suggestions for management of conflicts among children. I will be discussing ecomaps, genograms, and critical events timelines. This idea is also known as ecological KM theory. The literature does not provide much in terms of critique of Bronfenbrenner’s Ecological Systems theory as the theory is still fairly recent in terms of development theories, however general consensus exists on the Traditional ecological knowledge, which refers to ecological understanding built, not by experts, but by people who live and use the resources of a place. The process involved collaboration with both school and district staff. Bank & R. C. Williams, tion systems and school improvement: inventing the future, LISA A. PETRIDES is an assistant professor in the Department of Organi-, she is also the coordinator of the Education Leadership and Management, EdD-MBA program, a joint degree program offered by the Educational, Administration Program and the Columbia Business School. Specifically, the term. Because information systems used in businesses today, are based on sophisticated computer and network technology, the increas-, ing intricacy of technology needed to perform requisite procedures and, the demands of temporal constraints all contribute to the increased pres-, sure to obtain fast and reliable information, Therefore, the study of information systems is best suited to an approach, that is interdisciplinary and draws from social, behavioral, and technical, deals not only with the design and implementation of information systems, but also with changes in management, attitudes, organizational behav, In today’s expanding global markets, more businesses are facing the, Businesses have become concerned with mobilizing what they believe is, their greatest asset—knowledge: the combination of information, experi-, ence, circumstances, understanding, and cogitation that can be applied to, networks within organizations has now become a critical challenge taken, Knowledge management is used to describe the management of information-, based knowledge assets within an organization. Knowledge Management: The Well-Connected Business, The tacit dimension Routledge & Kegan Paul London U, Making Sense Out of Comprehensive School-Based Information Systems: Exploring Analyses and Reporting Methods for School Staff, The new organizational wealth: Managing & measuring knowledge-based assets, Factors Influence the Knowledge Management Success at Jordanian Higher Education, Exploring Strategies on Conflict Resolution Skills in Early Childhood Classroom Settings, Enterprise Education and Part‐time Students, Security and The Democratic Scene: Desecuritization and Emancipation, A New Approach to Detect Partially Overlapped Coins. It is seen as an organic and evolving system that exists over time. Mientras los administradores estadounidenses se concentran en el conocimiento explícito, los japoneses lo hacen en el tácito y la clave de su éxito estriba en que han aprendido a convertir el conocimiento tácito en explícito. Informed by a critical sensibility, this article asks the question ‘how can desecuritization be thought’ and argues, contra the Copenhagen School, that, Coins are the vital part of our life. is a first step in this area, although much additional research is needed. If a school, operates as a knowledge ecology, students, teachers, and principals are, individually and collectively increasing the school’s capacity and develop, ment to sustain or expand its operations and accomplishments. Next, of context, accumulation of data, sense making, synthesis, and ref, this information is transformed and converted to knowledge that is relevant, to educational decision making within the school as an organization. Bronfenbrenner’s Ecological Systems Theory Dede Paquette – John Ryan Ecological systems theory: This theory looks at a child’s development within the context of the system of relationships that form his or her environment. Seema B. Sharma, The Relevance of Traditional Ecological Knowledge (TEK) in Agricultural Sustainability of the Semi-Arid Tropics, Adaptive Soil Management : From Theory to Practices, 10.1007/978-981-10-3638-5, (453-463), (2017). In view of these differences there is a need to devise an effective communication strategy, which can address the users' knowledge gap with respect to indicators in relation to the severity of climate change, and inform policy about the extent to which users of ecosystems at different altitudinal gradients can collaborate to overcome climate-related challenges. zEvaluates temporal threshold progression rather than a static boundary in time. Read more about Urie Bronfenbrenner Biography. If a group of teachers on, a grade level work together to discuss academic intervention serv, able to children on that grade level, the discussion and insights can then be, shared with other grade-level teams at facult, knowledge shared at these types of functions has the potential to affect, practice and school policy if it is then brought back to the grade-level, It is important to reiterate, however, that information is in itself a neb-, ulous substance. The data collected were analysed The presence of feudal information empires undermines the concept, that each individual as well as the total organization can be a repository for, halts, and where hubs of information in the school are located. Strengths: Sharing is Caring! their leadership behaviour. This value-added trans, formation of information to knowledge can also assist administrators in. However, most database management systems contain quantitative elements that lack, the added value or context of the information that managers need to make, The study of these systems is a more recent phenomenon that, with the, advent of information technology, centers on both the technical and social, only the management and technological aspects but also the organizational, and social development of how these systems are used and by whom, international economics and competing global markets add pressure to the, business functions. As a model for coastal and fisheries management that includes the integration of traditional ecological knowledge, Satoumi recently has garnered interest in international ocean policy … The aim of this paper is to propose measures of knowledge creation (KC) to improve performance of EE. The importance of innovation (INNO) towards organisational performance (OP) is acknowledged in extant literature. A central theme of this book is that there is a strong mutual dependence between explanatory theory, available data and analytical method in determining the lurching progress of ecological knowledge (Fig. ΑΝΑ ΤΟΥΣ ΑΙΩΝΕΣ η κατοχή της γνώσης από μεμονωμένα άτομα, ομάδες αλλά (Selected theoretical and meta-scientific aspects). The paper describes how researchers use thinking along to integrate knowledge within and across boundaries. Course activities which encourage students to link their working situation and their academic learning are of vital importance. From this ecological perspective, a model that consists of knowledge distribution, knowledge interaction, knowledge competition and knowledge evolution is proposed. Existing student data, stored simply as numerical data, points, need to be transformed from information to knowledge so that, school administrators and teachers can make more effective information-, based decisions in schools and classrooms that benefit students. A community of practice is where enculturation, immer, where an individual moves from explicit knowledge, ties of practice are by nature organic, spontaneous, informal, and ecolog-, very effective form within business organizations today. Because knowledge about the complexity of ecosystems is incomplete within state bureaucracies and elsewhere, by involving TEK as a complete knowledge system with corresponding management systems that are coherent with local ecological and social contexts, it may be possible to be better prepared for unforeseen consequences of policy and management decisions made by outside bureaucrats. Besides, academic leaders who are involved in social interaction need decision-making competency to work Other procedures, especially. In knowledge ecology, the basis for cooperation and survival is differentiation andsimilarity between the knowledge nodes. A central theme of this book is that there is a strong mutual dependence between explanatory theory, available data and analytical method in determining the lurching progress of ecological knowledge (Fig. Accurate knowledge does not mean eliminating subjectivity. (2007) examined the way American Indians, family forest owners, and commercial nontimber forest products harvesters view biodiversity and practice forest management. Many of the efforts to identify effective approaches for sustainable management of the ecosystem in these areas have not explicitly embraced stakeholders' perceptions. effectively in a social setting. At its core, ecological informatics combines developments in information technology and ecological theory with applications that facilitate ecological research and the dissemination of results to scientists and the public. University of Exeter. The The knowledge that resides with individuals, as described by Non-, is not structured, document based, or tangible. 1702–1717, Community Intelligence Labs, 2000; Telem, 1996, . The idea of a knowledge ecosystem is an approach to knowledge management which claims to foster the dynamic evolution of knowledge interactions between entities to improve decision-making and innovation through improved evolutionary networks of collaboration. ecological knowledge and field experience. The purpose of this is to demonstrate how schools benefit from knowledge management and how an ecological … The Transmission of Traditional Ecological Knowledge 17 Kenneth Ruddle 4. New York: Springer. and hierarchical design of an organization to manage knowledge and knowledge processes. The purpose of this is to, help illustrate, ultimately, how schools may benefit through knowledge, management and how an ecological perspective further adds to the cross-, fertilization of ideas. If enterprise education is to be successful for them, attention needs to be paid to their motivations for studying and their views of learning. The team decided that it might be important to, gather these additional data. p. 3-18. International Institute of Tropical Forestry, https://www.fs.fed.us/research/people/scushman, Movement behavior explains genetic differentiation in American black bears, Use of abundance of one species as a surrogate for abundance of others, Parsimony in landscape metrics: Strength, universality, and consistency, Spurious correlations and inference in landscape genetics, Effects of habitat loss and fragmentation on amphibians: A review and prospectus, Gene flow in complex landscapes: Testing multiple hypotheses with causal modeling, Multiple-scale prediction of forest loss risk across Borneo, Calculating the configurational entropy of a landscape mosaic, Integrating Sunda clouded leopard (Neofelis diardi) conservation into development and restoration planning in Sabah (Borneo), Operationalizing ecological resilience concepts for managing species and ecosystems at risk, Future and outlook: Where are we, and where will the spatial information management in wildlife ecology be in 50 years from now? As importantly, where connections between traditional knowledge and adaptive management are made, 80 D.R. Satoumi is a Japanese concept describing a mosaic of marine ecosystems and coastal human communities. The journal is at the centre of Applied Ecology Resources, a repository to preserve, share and discover knowledge on the management of environmental resources, which is supported by an Advisory Board. We believe that educational leaders need to be able to lead information-, based knowledge management efforts and that as society becomes increas, ingly information based, teachers, learners, and school leaders are uniquely, positioned to play a prominent role in this process. External demands for information include, the demand for greater accountability at the district and state level; student, and teacher assessment and measurement; educational policies and man-, dates; information markets; and other external providers of information to, Presently, many schools are held to accountability standards as deter-, mined by externally mandated testing, partially as a result of schools not, being able to determine and measure indicators of success with their own, internal information systems. She is also, founder of the nonprofit research think tank the Institute for the Study of, Knowledge Management in Education. επιχειρησιακό αλλά και σε επίπεδο εθνικής οικονομίας (Nonaka & Takeuchi, 1995). Publications include a coauthored ERIC Digest on distance learn-, ing and an article on power, politics, and technology in schools, published. 17 . from previous model applications, experiments, or ecological theory (e.g. Three preliminary report forms were developed: (1) Student-At-A-Glance; (2) Class-At-A-Glance; and (3) School-At-A-Glance. This process allows the school organization to simul-, taneously grow as a learning community, thereby maximizing the eff, and the effectiveness of the school and its district, while meeting the goal, of creating knowledge-based information that evolves into intelligence and, thoughtful decision making. I subsequently propose a different concept of emancipation, which is informed by the principles of universality and recognition. By the development of information technologies, EMIS became very popular in educational management issues. All content in this area was uploaded by Lisa Petrides on Aug 24, 2017, Although there has been a great deal of recognition in the business world that, information and knowledge management can be vital tools in organizations, it is, only recently that educational administrators and teachers have begun to look at how, they might use information systems to assist in creating effective learning environ-, ments. This research aims to apply the concepts of the Complex Adaptive Systems (CAS) theory of John H. Holland (1995) for the interpretation of a particular Traditional Ecological Knowledge: the Fishermen Ecological Knowledge (FEK). Join ResearchGate to find the people and research you need to help your work. vides and interprets information? Žigrai F.: Transfer of landscape ecological knowledge from theory to practice as a multistage process. Therefore, this paper draws on, theories from the business field, including information management, edge management, and knowledge ecology, to suggest how knowledge man-, agement, when applied with an ecological framework, can benef, Knowledge management, from a practical and policy perspective, can be, used to support educational administration, which in turn supports teach-, ing and learning. The data for the study were collected both through the primary and secondary sources. The ecological systems theory of human development is proposed by Urie Brofenbrenner, a Russian American psychologist. Schools can best prepare for midair changes by focusing, proactively on the process of change, rather than reactively to the change, itself, long before the change arises. Ecological system theory was introduced by American psychologist, Urie Bronfenbrenner. In contrast to purely directive management efforts that attempt either to manage or direct outcomes, knowledge ecosystems … Decisions are inter-related to the organisational life of a concern. As a consequence, benefits of specialization obtain even as knowledge from one domain informs knowledge from another. Quantitative research was deployed, and results of the study were produced based on a survey data collected in 30 public universities equally located in three regions of Vietnam during 2018. Results show that users of ecosystems of Mount Kilimanjaro and Taita Hills are aware the ecosystems values to humans and the need to conserve these ecosystems in order to sustain the benefits and flow of ecosystem goods and services. The culture of the school organization must communicate the value and, importance of information. management of existing data-based resources within an organization. Thus, ecologists' knowledge of the functioning of Earth's ecosystems is needed to broaden the scientific basis of decisions on land use and management. The Theory of the Firm and the ideology on which it rests must be replaced by a new theory—a Theory of the Community—grounded in the rapidly advancing scientific understanding of life and suited to guiding the transformation of society‘s defining institutions and management practices. ical framework for knowledge management emerges. Organizational KM theory primarily focuses on organizational structures … An instrument devised by the state to test the school’s progress in, meeting the standards is administered to students in the fall. been used to illustrate how ideas are exchanged, innovations blossom, value is added to information, and new knowledge is tested and applied, through accrued expertise and learning and within the rich perspective of, is different from knowledge management in that it does not claim to insti-. Ecological Knowledge Management theory on the other hand, has a strong focus on the relationships and interactions between people, communities and organisations and how internal and external factors influence how knowledge is shared. ing community. Community knowledge can be as valuable as ecological knowledge in environmental decision-making. ulty and administrative staff to base educational decision making on data. 20 —Charles Babbage (1792–1871) 21 . However, there are few studies providing empirical evidence of this relationship especially in academic settings. These systems range in scope from data reporting, and curriculum management to communication and collaboration and may, include school employee files, student grades, student f, free and reduced lunch applicability, and discipline logs. of faculty members towards decision making of their academic leaders in the sample select universities. Therefore, a high level of trust is essential to a, culture that communicates the value and importance of information. These factors can impact the child’s emotional, physical and social development. αποφάσεις επιβάλλεται να παίρνονται στη στιγμή, η γνώση και η αποτελεσματική ecological knowledge, and less common in non-local ecological knowledge, is respect for personal experiences with the non-human world, ... arrangement constitutes a case study whose examination informs both theory and management practice related to the intercultural cooperative management of natural resources. Fundamental ecological research is both intrinsically interesting and provides the basic knowledge required to answer applied questions of importance to the management of the natural world. Επομένως, το εκπαιδευτικό μας σύστημα, που είναι ο βασικός πυλώνας παρα- knowledge and science to inform monitoring and management include the complementarity of the differences between the two knowledge systems, which can enrich collective ecological knowledge (Moller et al. Los autores explican que hay dos tipos de conocimiento: el explícito, contenido en manuales y procedimientos, y el tácito, aprendido mediante la experiencia y comunicado, de manera indirecta, en forma de metáforas y analogías. the descriptive information across various demographic variables on a total sample of 719. This is one of a series of reports based on an ongoing reality test of systemic evaluation for instructional decision making. The Project on High Performance Learning Communities: Applying the land-grant model to school reform. A national study of five school districts, conducted by the, U.S. General Accounting Office, found that not only were the basic com, ponents of a technology plan met with resistance but also that districts were, stymied by losses of internal and external funding and an inabilit, support an adequate number of staff to implement programs, School districts frequently employ an information architecture that is, disjointed and counterproductive, not unlike the business environment, Data sources are often not compatible or linked in a manner that allows, staff to retrieve data with ease. It also provides schools and parents with information, suggestions, and activities that can increase awareness of the nature of conflicts, conflict-resolution strategies, and management of conflict and crisis situations. Thinking along is a mechanism that allows for knowledge integration without the need for transfer. Robson et al., 2018)) and data for calibration exist, Bayesian Inference can be applied. Although there is a, great deal of research literature on the information technology sector in, business to support this idea, literature regarding information management, to support educational learning is scarce. Incluye índice Incluye bibliografía Partes del texto: La era de las organizaciones y la industria del conocimiento; Administración de bienes intangibles; Midiendo y valuando bienes intangibles. Therefore, there is little incentive in many schools for fac-. Many state edu-. By collecting the survey data of 223 Chinese start-ups, this article uses the method of multiple hierarchical regression to explore the relationship between technological innovation ability, innovation atmosphere, and innovation performance.
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